Defining the size of a JComboBox

If you want to change the size of the JComboBox component itself, use:

   combobox.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(x, y));

If you want to have control over the popupwidth and popupheight, extend JComboBox and add the necessary functionality to a custom ComboBoxUI:
Main.java:

import javax.swing.plaf.metal.*;
import javax.swing.plaf.basic.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
    
public class Main extends JFrame
{ 
   public Main() {
      getContentPane().setLayout(new FlowLayout());
      
      Vector v = new Vector();
      for (int i=0; i<20; i++)
         v.addElement("ComboBox Item #" + i);
      SizedJComboBox combobox = new SizedJComboBox(v);
 
      combobox.setPopupWidth(190);
      combobox.setPopupHeight(30);
 
      getContentPane().add(combobox);
  
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) {
            System.exit(1);
         }
      });      
   
      setSize(new Dimension(200, 200));
   } 
 
   public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.setVisible(true);
   }
}
 
class SizedJComboBox extends JComboBox {
   protected int popupWidth;
   protected int popupHeight;
 
   public SizedJComboBox(ComboBoxModel aModel) {
      super(aModel);
      setUI(new SizedComboBoxUI());
   }
 
   public SizedJComboBox(final Object[] items) { 
      super(items); 
      setUI(new SizedComboBoxUI());
   } 
 
   public SizedJComboBox(Vector items) { 
      super(items); 
      setUI(new SizedComboBoxUI()); 
   } 
 
   public void setPopupWidth(int width) { 
      popupWidth = width; 
   }
 
   public void setPopupHeight(int height) {
      popupHeight = height;
   } 
 
   public Dimension getPopupSize() { 
      Dimension size = getSize(); 
      if (popupWidth < 1) popupWidth = size.width; 
      return new Dimension(popupWidth, popupHeight); 
   } 
}
 
class SizedComboBoxUI extends MetalComboBoxUI {
   protected ComboPopup createPopup() { 
      BasicComboPopup popup = new BasicComboPopup(comboBox) { 
         public void show() { 
            Dimension popupSize = ((SizedJComboBox) comboBox).getPopupSize(); 
            popupSize.setSize(popupSize.width, popupSize.height < 1 ? getPopupHeightForRowCount(comboBox.getMaximumRowCount()) : popupSize.height); 
            Rectangle popupBounds = computePopupBounds( 0, 
                  comboBox.getBounds().height, popupSize.width, popupSize.height); 
            scroller.setMaximumSize(popupBounds.getSize()); 
            scroller.setPreferredSize(popupBounds.getSize()); 
            scroller.setMinimumSize(popupBounds.getSize()); 
            list.invalidate(); 
            int selectedIndex = comboBox.getSelectedIndex(); 
            if (selectedIndex == -1) { 
               list.clearSelection(); 
            } else { 
               list.setSelectedIndex( selectedIndex ); 
            } 
            list.ensureIndexIsVisible( list.getSelectedIndex() ); 
            setLightWeightPopupEnabled(comboBox.isLightWeightPopupEnabled()); 
 
            show(comboBox, popupBounds.x, popupBounds.y); 
         } 
      }; 
 
      popup.getAccessibleContext().setAccessibleParent(comboBox); 
      return popup; 
   } 
} 

Disabling some of the elements in a JComboBox

We wrap a JComboBox element in our ConditionalItem object that includes a boolean variable isEnabled. Now, in order to change the default behavior of the JComboBox, we need to handle two things: first blur out the elements that are disabled using our own renderer and second ensure the disabled elements cannot be selected by adding a ActionListener that selects the old selected element in case a disabled item was selected.

Main.java:

import javax.swing.plaf.basic.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
    
public class Main extends JFrame
{ 
   public Main() {
      getContentPane().setLayout(new FlowLayout());
      
      final JComboBox combobox = 
         new JComboBox(
            new ConditionalItem[] { 
               new ConditionalItem("Item 1"),
               new ConditionalItem("Item 2", false),
               new ConditionalItem("Item 3", false),
               new ConditionalItem("Item 4")
            }
         );
 
      getContentPane().add(combobox);
      combobox.setRenderer(new ConditionalComboBoxRenderer());
      combobox.addActionListener(new ConditionalComboBoxListener(combobox));
  
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) {
            System.exit(1);
         }
      });      
   
      setSize(new Dimension(200, 200));
   } 
 
   public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.setVisible(true);
   }
}
 
class ConditionalComboBoxRenderer extends BasicComboBoxRenderer implements ListCellRenderer
{
   public Component getListCellRendererComponent(JList list, 
           Object value, int index, boolean isSelected, boolean cellHasFocus) {
      if (isSelected) {
        setBackground(list.getSelectionBackground());
        setForeground(list.getSelectionForeground());
      } else {
        setBackground(list.getBackground());
        setForeground(list.getForeground());
      } 
 
      if (!((Conditionable) value).isEnabled()) {
        setBackground(list.getBackground());
        setForeground(UIManager.getColor("Label.disabledForeground"));
      }
 
      setFont(list.getFont());
      setText((value == null) ? "" : value.toString());
      return this;
   }  
}
 
class ConditionalComboBoxListener implements ActionListener {
   JComboBox combobox;
   Object oldItem;
    
   ConditionalComboBoxListener(JComboBox combobox) {
      this.combobox = combobox;
      combobox.setSelectedIndex(0);
      oldItem = combobox.getSelectedItem();
   }
    
   public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
      Object selectedItem = combobox.getSelectedItem();
      if (!((Conditionable) selectedItem).isEnabled()) {
         combobox.setSelectedItem(oldItem);
      } else {
         oldItem = selectedItem;
      }
   }
}
 
class ConditionalItem implements Conditionable {
   Object  object;
   boolean isEnabled;
    
   ConditionalItem(Object object, boolean isEnabled) {
      this.object = object;
      this.isEnabled = isEnabled;
   }
    
   ConditionalItem(Object object) {
     this(object, true);
   }
   
   public boolean isEnabled() {
      return isEnabled;
   }
    
   public void setEnabled(boolean isEnabled) {
      this.isEnabled = isEnabled;
   }
    
   public String toString() {
      return object.toString();
   }
}
 
interface Conditionable {
   public boolean isEnabled();
   public void setEnabled(boolean enabled);
   public String toString();
}

Creating a JComboBox with a divider separator line

Create a cellRenderer that does not convert the element to a String in order to show it, but instead checks whether it is a JSeparator and returns that component instead. Then make sure the JSeparator itself cannot be selected by adding an ActionListener to the combobox.

Main.java:

import javax.swing.plaf.basic.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
    
public class Main extends JFrame
{ 
   public Main() {
      getContentPane().setLayout(new FlowLayout());
      
      final JComboBox combobox = 
         new JComboBox(new Object[] {
               "Item 1",
               "Item 2",
               "Item 3",
               new JSeparator(JSeparator.HORIZONTAL),
               "Item 4",
               "Item 5"
            }
         );
 
      getContentPane().add(combobox);
      combobox.setRenderer(new SeparatorComboBoxRenderer());
      combobox.addActionListener(new SeparatorComboBoxListener(combobox));
  
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) {
            System.exit(1);
         }
      });      
   
      setSize(new Dimension(200, 200));
   } 
 
   public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.setVisible(true);
   }
}
 
class SeparatorComboBoxRenderer extends BasicComboBoxRenderer implements ListCellRenderer
{
   public SeparatorComboBoxRenderer() {
      super();
   }
   
   public Component getListCellRendererComponent( JList list, 
           Object value, int index, boolean isSelected, boolean cellHasFocus) {
      if (isSelected) {
          setBackground(list.getSelectionBackground());
          setForeground(list.getSelectionForeground());
      }
      else {
          setBackground(list.getBackground());
          setForeground(list.getForeground());
      }
 
      setFont(list.getFont());
      if (value instanceof Icon) {
         setIcon((Icon)value);
      }
      if (value instanceof JSeparator) {
         return (Component) value;
      }
      else {
         setText((value == null) ? "" : value.toString());
      }
 
      return this;
  }  
}
 
class SeparatorComboBoxListener implements ActionListener {
   JComboBox combobox;
   Object oldItem;
    
   SeparatorComboBoxListener(JComboBox combobox) {
      this.combobox = combobox;
      combobox.setSelectedIndex(0);
      oldItem = combobox.getSelectedItem();
   }
     
   public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
      Object selectedItem = combobox.getSelectedItem();
      if (selectedItem instanceof JSeparator) {
         combobox.setSelectedItem(oldItem);
      } else {
         oldItem = selectedItem;
      }
   }
}

Trapping a drop-down event on a JComboBox

Since JDK1.4, you can add a PopupMenuListener to your JComboBox and receive the events.

Main.java:

import javax.swing.event.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
 
public class Main extends JFrame { 
   public Main() {
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) {
            System.exit(1);
         }
      }); 
 
      Vector v = new Vector();
      v.add("first element");
      v.add("second element");
      v.add("third element");
      v.add("fourth element");
      v.add("fifth element");
 
      final JComboBox cb = new JComboBox(v);
      cb.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
         public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent ae) {
            System.out.println(cb.getSelectedItem());
         }
      });
 
      cb.addPopupMenuListener(new PopupMenuListener() {
         public void popupMenuCanceled(PopupMenuEvent e) {
            System.out.println("PopupMenuCancel Event");
         }
 
         public void popupMenuWillBecomeVisible(PopupMenuEvent e) {
            System.out.println("popupMenuWillBecomeVisible");
         }
 
         public void popupMenuWillBecomeInvisible(PopupMenuEvent e) {
            System.out.println("popupMenuWillBecomeInvisible");
         }
      });
      getContentPane().setLayout(new FlowLayout(FlowLayout.LEFT, 10, 10));
      getContentPane().add(new JLabel("Select element:"));
      getContentPane().add(cb);
   } 
 
   public static void main(String []args) {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.setVisible(true);
      main.setSize(300, 150);
   }
}

Getting an event when a JComboBox is about to appear/disappear

Since JDK1.4, you can add PopupMenuListeners to your JComboBox. This allows you to get the events popupMenuWillBecomeVisible and popupMenuWillBecomeInvisible. Another event is supposed to be thrown, for a popupMenuCanceled, but is not, due to a bug.

Now that you have the possibility to get an event when the JComboBox popup is about to appear, you can lazily populate it. So only when the user wants to change the value of a JComboBox, you fill it up.

Here’s a short example. Due to a bug related to the order in which getPreferredSize and popupMenuWillBecomeVisible are called, the size of the component is not the desired size. Click twice on the JComboBox to see the desired size.

Main.java:

import javax.swing.event.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
   
public class Main extends JFrame {
   public Main() {
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent event) {
            System.exit(0);   
         }      
      });
 
      getContentPane().setLayout(new FlowLayout(FlowLayout.LEFT));
 
      final JComboBox combobox = new JComboBox(new Object[] {"Default Item"});
      getContentPane().add(combobox);
 
      combobox.addPopupMenuListener(new PopupMenuListener() {
         public void popupMenuCanceled(PopupMenuEvent e) {
            System.out.println("popupMenu canceled");
         }
         public void popupMenuWillBecomeInvisible(PopupMenuEvent e) {
            System.out.println("popupMenu will become invisible");
         }
         public void popupMenuWillBecomeVisible(PopupMenuEvent e) {
            if (combobox.getModel().getSize() <= 1) {
               // lazily populate combobox
               for (int i=0; i<100; i++) {
                  combobox.insertItemAt("Item #" + i, 0);
               }
               combobox.validate();
            }
            System.out.println("popupMenu will become visible");
         }
      });  
 
      setSize(300, 300);
   }
 
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      (new Main()).setVisible(true);
   }
}

Dynamically changing the font size of a JComboBox

Main.java:

import javax.swing.event.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
 
public class Main extends JFrame
{
   public Main() {
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) {
            System.exit(0);
         }
      });
 
      Vector v = new Vector();
      for (int i=10; i<100; i+=5) {
         v.addElement(""+i);
      }
 
      final JComboBox combobox = new JComboBox(v);
      getContentPane().setLayout(new FlowLayout(FlowLayout.LEFT));
      getContentPane().add(new JLabel("Select font size:"));
      getContentPane().add(combobox);
 
      Font f = combobox.getFont();
      combobox.setFont(f.deriveFont(10.0f));
  
      combobox.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
         public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent ae) {
            Font f = combobox.getFont();
            combobox.setFont(f.deriveFont(
                                new Float(""+combobox.getSelectedItem()).
                                          floatValue()));
         }
      });
   }
 
   public static void main(String []args) {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.setSize(200, 200);
      main.setVisible(true);
   }
}

Having multi-font cells in a JTable

Courtesy of Nobuo Tamemasa (http://www2.gol.com/users/tame/swing/examples/JTableExamples1.html)



MultiFontCellTableExample.java:

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.table.*;
import javax.swing.border.*;
 
/**
 * @version 1.0 11/22/98
 */
public class MultiFontCellTableExample extends JFrame {
 
  public MultiFontCellTableExample() {
    super( "Multi-Font Cell Example" ); 
     
    AttributiveCellTableModel ml = new AttributiveCellTableModel(8,3);
    CellFont cellAtt =(CellFont)ml.getCellAttribute();
    JTable table = new JTable( ml );
    table.setRowHeight(26);
    table.setCellSelectionEnabled(true);
    table.setSelectionMode(ListSelectionModel.SINGLE_INTERVAL_SELECTION);
    table.setDefaultRenderer(Object.class ,new AttributiveCellRenderer());
    JScrollPane scroll = new JScrollPane( table );
 
    FontPanel fontPanel = new FontPanel(table, cellAtt);
    
    Box box = new Box(BoxLayout.X_AXIS);
    box.add(scroll);
    box.add(new JSeparator(SwingConstants.HORIZONTAL));
    box.add(fontPanel);
    getContentPane().add( box );
    setSize( 400, 200 );
    setVisible(true);
  }
 
  class FontPanel extends JPanel {
    String[] str_size  = {"10","12","14","16","20","24"};
    String[] str_style = {"PLAIN","BOLD","ITALIC"};
    JComboBox name,style,size;
 
    FontPanel(final JTable table, final CellFont cellAtt) {
      setLayout(new BoxLayout(this,BoxLayout.Y_AXIS));
      Box box = new Box(BoxLayout.X_AXIS);
      JPanel p2 = new JPanel(new GridLayout(3,1));
      JPanel p3 = new JPanel(new GridLayout(3,1));
      JPanel p4 = new JPanel(new FlowLayout());
      p2.add(new JLabel("Name:"));
      p2.add(new JLabel("Style:"));    
      p2.add(new JLabel("Size:"));
      Toolkit toolkit = Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit();
      name  = new JComboBox(toolkit.getFontList());
      style = new JComboBox(str_style);
      size  = new JComboBox(str_size);
      size.setEditable(true);
      JButton b_apply   = new JButton("Apply");
      b_apply.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
        public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
          int[] columns = table.getSelectedColumns();
          int[] rows    = table.getSelectedRows();
          if ((rows == null) || (columns == null)) return;
          if ((rows.length<1)||(columns.length<1)) return;
          Font font = new Font((String)name.getSelectedItem(),
                              style.getSelectedIndex(),
              Integer.parseInt((String)size.getSelectedItem()));
          cellAtt.setFont(font, rows, columns);
          table.clearSelection();
          table.revalidate();
          table.repaint();        
        }
      });
      p3.add(name);
      p3.add(style);
      p3.add(size);
      p4.add(b_apply);
      box.add(p2);
      box.add(p3);
      add(box);
      add(p4);
    }
  }
   
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    MultiFontCellTableExample frame = new MultiFontCellTableExample();
    frame.addWindowListener( new WindowAdapter() {
      public void windowClosing( WindowEvent e ) {
        System.exit(0);
      }
    });
  }
}

AttributiveCellTableModel.java:

import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.table.*;
import javax.swing.event.*;
 
 
/**
 * @version 1.0 11/22/98
 */
 
public class AttributiveCellTableModel extends DefaultTableModel {
 
  protected CellAttribute cellAtt;
    
  public AttributiveCellTableModel() {
    this((Vector)null, 0);
  }
  public AttributiveCellTableModel(int numRows, int numColumns) {
    Vector names = new Vector(numColumns);
    names.setSize(numColumns);
    setColumnIdentifiers(names);
    dataVector = new Vector();
    setNumRows(numRows);
    cellAtt = new DefaultCellAttribute(numRows,numColumns);
  }
  public AttributiveCellTableModel(Vector columnNames, int numRows) {
    setColumnIdentifiers(columnNames);
    dataVector = new Vector();
    setNumRows(numRows);
    cellAtt = new DefaultCellAttribute(numRows,columnNames.size());
  }
  public AttributiveCellTableModel(Object[] columnNames, int numRows) {
    this(convertToVector(columnNames), numRows);
  }  
  public AttributiveCellTableModel(Vector data, Vector columnNames) {
    setDataVector(data, columnNames);
  }
  public AttributiveCellTableModel(Object[][] data, Object[] columnNames) {
    setDataVector(data, columnNames);
  }
 
     
  public void setDataVector(Vector newData, Vector columnNames) {
    if (newData == null)
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("setDataVector() - Null parameter");
    dataVector = new Vector(0);
    setColumnIdentifiers(columnNames);
    dataVector = newData;
    
    //
    cellAtt = new DefaultCellAttribute(dataVector.size(),
                                       columnIdentifiers.size());
    
    newRowsAdded(new TableModelEvent(this, 0, getRowCount()-1,
                 TableModelEvent.ALL_COLUMNS, TableModelEvent.INSERT));
  }
 
  public void addColumn(Object columnName, Vector columnData) {
    if (columnName == null)
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("addColumn() - null parameter");
    columnIdentifiers.addElement(columnName);
    int index = 0;
    Enumeration enumeration = dataVector.elements();
    while (enumeration.hasMoreElements()) {
      Object value;
      if ((columnData != null) && (index < columnData.size()))
          value = columnData.elementAt(index);
      else
        value = null;
      ((Vector)enumeration.nextElement()).addElement(value);
      index++;
    }
 
    //
    cellAtt.addColumn();
 
    fireTableStructureChanged();
  }
 
  public void addRow(Vector rowData) {
    Vector newData = null;
    if (rowData == null) {
      newData = new Vector(getColumnCount());
    }
    else {
      rowData.setSize(getColumnCount());
    }
    dataVector.addElement(newData);
 
    //
    cellAtt.addRow();
 
    newRowsAdded(new TableModelEvent(this, getRowCount()-1, getRowCount()-1,
       TableModelEvent.ALL_COLUMNS, TableModelEvent.INSERT));
  }
 
  public void insertRow(int row, Vector rowData) {
    if (rowData == null) {
      rowData = new Vector(getColumnCount());
    }
    else {
      rowData.setSize(getColumnCount());
    }
 
    dataVector.insertElementAt(rowData, row);
 
    //
    cellAtt.insertRow(row);
 
    newRowsAdded(new TableModelEvent(this, row, row,
       TableModelEvent.ALL_COLUMNS, TableModelEvent.INSERT));
  }
 
  public CellAttribute getCellAttribute() {
    return cellAtt;
  }
 
  public void setCellAttribute(CellAttribute newCellAtt) {
    int numColumns = getColumnCount();
    int numRows    = getRowCount();
    if ((newCellAtt.getSize().width  != numColumns) ||
        (newCellAtt.getSize().height != numRows)) {
      newCellAtt.setSize(new Dimension(numRows, numColumns));
    }
    cellAtt = newCellAtt;
    fireTableDataChanged();
  }
 
  /*
  public void changeCellAttribute(int row, int column, Object command) {
    cellAtt.changeAttribute(row, column, command);
  }
 
  public void changeCellAttribute(int[] rows, int[] columns, Object command) {
    cellAtt.changeAttribute(rows, columns, command);
  }
  */
     
}

DefaultCellAttribute.java:

import java.awt.*;
 
/** 
 * @version 1.0 11/22/98
 */
 
public class DefaultCellAttribute 
//    implements CellAttribute ,CellSpan  {
      implements CellAttribute ,CellSpan ,ColoredCell ,CellFont {

  //
  // !!!! CAUTION !!!!!
  // these values must be synchronized to Table data
  //
  protected int rowSize;
  protected int columnSize;
  protected int[][][] span;                   // CellSpan
  protected Color[][] foreground;             // ColoredCell
  protected Color[][] background;             //
  protected Font[][]  font;                   // CellFont
   
  public DefaultCellAttribute() {
    this(1,1);
  }
   
  public DefaultCellAttribute(int numRows, int numColumns) {
    setSize(new Dimension(numColumns, numRows));
  }
 
  protected void initValue() {
    for(int i=0; i<span.length;i++) {
      for(int j=0; j<span[i].length; j++) {
        span[i][j][CellSpan.COLUMN] = 1;
        span[i][j][CellSpan.ROW]    = 1;
      }
    }
  }
 
 
  //
  // CellSpan
  //
  public int[] getSpan(int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) {
      int[] ret_code = {1,1};
      return ret_code;
    }
    return span[row][column];
  }
 
  public void setSpan(int[] span, int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return;
    this.span[row][column] = span;
  }
       
  public boolean isVisible(int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return false;
    if ((span[row][column][CellSpan.COLUMN] < 1)
      ||(span[row][column][CellSpan.ROW]    < 1)) return false;
    return true;
  }
 
  public void combine(int[] rows, int[] columns) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(rows, columns)) return;
    int    rowSpan  = rows.length;
    int columnSpan  = columns.length;
    int startRow    = rows[0];
    int startColumn = columns[0];
    for (int i=0;i<rowSpan;i++) {
      for (int j=0;j<columnSpan;j++) {
        if ((span[startRow +i][startColumn +j][CellSpan.COLUMN] != 1)
          ||(span[startRow +i][startColumn +j][CellSpan.ROW]    != 1)) {
          //System.out.println("can't combine");
          return ;
        }
      }
    }
    for (int i=0,ii=0;i<rowSpan;i++,ii--) {
      for (int j=0,jj=0;j<columnSpan;j++,jj--) {
        span[startRow +i][startColumn +j][CellSpan.COLUMN] = jj;
        span[startRow +i][startColumn +j][CellSpan.ROW]    = ii;
        //System.out.println("r " +ii +"  c " +jj);
      }
    }
    span[startRow][startColumn][CellSpan.COLUMN] = columnSpan;
    span[startRow][startColumn][CellSpan.ROW]    =    rowSpan;
    
  }
 
  public void split(int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return;
    int columnSpan = span[row][column][CellSpan.COLUMN];
    int    rowSpan = span[row][column][CellSpan.ROW];
    for (int i=0;i<rowSpan;i++) {
      for (int j=0;j<columnSpan;j++) {
        span[row +i][column +j][CellSpan.COLUMN] = 1;
        span[row +i][column +j][CellSpan.ROW]    = 1;
      }
    }
  }
 
 
  //
  // ColoredCell
  //
  public Color getForeground(int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return null;
    return foreground[row][column];
  }
  public void setForeground(Color color, int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return;
    foreground[row][column] = color;
  }
  public void setForeground(Color color, int[] rows, int[] columns) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(rows, columns)) return;
    setValues(foreground, color, rows, columns);
  }
  public Color getBackground(int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return null;
    return background[row][column];
  }
  public void setBackground(Color color, int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return;
    background[row][column] = color;
  }
  public void setBackground(Color color, int[] rows, int[] columns) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(rows, columns)) return;
    setValues(background, color, rows, columns);
  }
  //
 
 
  //
  // CellFont
  //
  public Font getFont(int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return null;
    return font[row][column];
  }
  public void setFont(Font font, int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return;
    this.font[row][column] = font;
  }
  public void setFont(Font font, int[] rows, int[] columns) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(rows, columns)) return;
    setValues(this.font, font, rows, columns);
  }
  // 
 
 
  //
  // CellAttribute
  //
  public void addColumn() {
    int[][][] oldSpan = span;
    int numRows    = oldSpan.length;
    int numColumns = oldSpan[0].length;
    span = new int[numRows][numColumns + 1][2];
    System.arraycopy(oldSpan,0,span,0,numRows);
    for (int i=0;i<numRows;i++) {
      span[i][numColumns][CellSpan.COLUMN] = 1;
      span[i][numColumns][CellSpan.ROW]    = 1;
    }
  }
 
  public void addRow() {
    int[][][] oldSpan = span;
    int numRows    = oldSpan.length;
    int numColumns = oldSpan[0].length;
    span = new int[numRows + 1][numColumns][2];
    System.arraycopy(oldSpan,0,span,0,numRows);
    for (int i=0;i<numColumns;i++) {
      span[numRows][i][CellSpan.COLUMN] = 1;
      span[numRows][i][CellSpan.ROW]    = 1;
    }
  }
 
  public void insertRow(int row) {
    int[][][] oldSpan = span;
    int numRows    = oldSpan.length;
    int numColumns = oldSpan[0].length;
    span = new int[numRows + 1][numColumns][2];
    if (0 < row) {
      System.arraycopy(oldSpan,0,span,0,row-1);
    }
    System.arraycopy(oldSpan,0,span,row,numRows - row);
    for (int i=0;i<numColumns;i++) {
      span[row][i][CellSpan.COLUMN] = 1;
      span[row][i][CellSpan.ROW]    = 1;
    }
  }
 
  public Dimension getSize() {
    return new Dimension(rowSize, columnSize);
  }
 
  public void setSize(Dimension size) {
    columnSize = size.width;
    rowSize    = size.height;
    span = new int[rowSize][columnSize][2];   // 2: COLUMN,ROW
    foreground = new Color[rowSize][columnSize];
    background = new Color[rowSize][columnSize];
    font = new Font[rowSize][columnSize];
    initValue();
  }
 
  /*
  public void changeAttribute(int row, int column, Object command) {
  }
 
  public void changeAttribute(int[] rows, int[] columns, Object command) {
  }
  */
 
  protected boolean isOutOfBounds(int row, int column) {
    if ((row    < 0)||(rowSize    <= row)
      ||(column < 0)||(columnSize <= column)) {
      return true;
    }
    return false;
  }
 
  protected boolean isOutOfBounds(int[] rows, int[] columns) {
    for (int i=0;i<rows.length;i++) {
      if ((rows[i] < 0)||(rowSize <= rows[i])) return true;
    }
    for (int i=0;i<columns.length;i++) {
      if ((columns[i] < 0)||(columnSize <= columns[i])) return true;
    }
    return false;
  }
 
  protected void setValues(Object[][] target, Object value,
                           int[] rows, int[] columns) {
    for (int i=0;i<rows.length;i++) {
      int row = rows[i];
      for (int j=0;j<columns.length;j++) {
        int column = columns[j];
        target[row][column] = value;
      }
    }
  }
}

CellAttribute.java:

import java.awt.*;

/**
 * @version 1.0 11/22/98
 */

public interface CellAttribute {
  public void addColumn();
  public void addRow();
  public void insertRow(int row);
  public Dimension getSize();
  public void setSize(Dimension size);
}

ColoredCell.java:

import java.awt.*;
 
/**
 * @version 1.0 11/22/98
 */
 
public interface ColoredCell {
   
  public Color getForeground(int row, int column);
  public void setForeground(Color color, int row, int column);
  public void setForeground(Color color, int[] rows, int[] columns);
  public Color getBackground(int row, int column);
  public void setBackground(Color color, int row, int column);
  public void setBackground(Color color, int[] rows, int[] columns);
}

CellFont.java:

/*
 * (swing1.1beta3)
 * 
 */
 
import java.awt.*;
 
/**
 * @version 1.0 11/22/98
 */
 
public interface CellFont {
  public Font getFont(int row, int column);
  public void setFont(Font font, int row, int column);
  public void setFont(Font font, int[] rows, int[] columns);
}

CellSpan.java:

/*
 * (swing1.1beta3)
 * 
 */
 
/**
 * @version 1.0 11/22/98
 */
 
public interface CellSpan {
  public final int ROW    = 0;
  public final int COLUMN = 1;
   
  public int[] getSpan(int row, int column);
  public void setSpan(int[] span, int row, int column);
   
  public boolean isVisible(int row, int column);
 
  public void combine(int[] rows, int[] columns);
  public void split(int row, int column);
}

MultiSpanCellTable.java:

import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.table.*;
import javax.swing.plaf.basic.*;
import javax.swing.event.*;
 
/**
 * @version 1.0 11/26/98
 */
 
public class MultiSpanCellTable extends JTable {
 
  public MultiSpanCellTable(TableModel model) {
    super(model);
    setUI(new MultiSpanCellTableUI());
    getTableHeader().setReorderingAllowed(false);
    setCellSelectionEnabled(true);
    setSelectionMode(ListSelectionModel.SINGLE_INTERVAL_SELECTION);
  }
   
  public Rectangle getCellRect(int row, int column, boolean includeSpacing) {
    Rectangle sRect = super.getCellRect(row,column,includeSpacing);
    if ((row <0) || (column<0) ||
        (getRowCount() <= row) || (getColumnCount() <= column)) {
        return sRect;
    }
    CellSpan cellAtt = (CellSpan)((AttributiveCellTableModel)getModel()).getCellAttribute();
    if (! cellAtt.isVisible(row,column)) {
      int temp_row    = row;
      int temp_column = column;
      row    += cellAtt.getSpan(temp_row,temp_column)[CellSpan.ROW];
      column += cellAtt.getSpan(temp_row,temp_column)[CellSpan.COLUMN];      
    }
    int[] n = cellAtt.getSpan(row,column);
 
    int index = 0;
    int columnMargin = getColumnModel().getColumnMargin();
    Rectangle cellFrame = new Rectangle();
    int aCellHeight = rowHeight + rowMargin;
    cellFrame.y = row * aCellHeight;
    cellFrame.height = n[CellSpan.ROW] * aCellHeight;
     
    Enumeration enumeration = getColumnModel().getColumns();
    while (enumeration.hasMoreElements()) {
      TableColumn aColumn = (TableColumn)enumeration.nextElement();
      cellFrame.width = aColumn.getWidth() + columnMargin;
      if (index == column) break;
      cellFrame.x += cellFrame.width;
      index++;
    }
    for (int i=0;i< n[CellSpan.COLUMN]-1;i++) {
      TableColumn aColumn = (TableColumn)enumeration.nextElement();
      cellFrame.width += aColumn.getWidth() + columnMargin;
    }
     
    if (!includeSpacing) {
      Dimension spacing = getIntercellSpacing();
      cellFrame.setBounds(cellFrame.x +      spacing.width/2,
                          cellFrame.y +      spacing.height/2,
                          cellFrame.width -  spacing.width,
                          cellFrame.height - spacing.height);
    }
    return cellFrame;
  }
   
   
  private int[] rowColumnAtPoint(Point point) {
    int[] retValue = {-1,-1};
    int row = point.y / (rowHeight + rowMargin);
    if ((row <0)||(getRowCount() <= row)) return retValue;
    int column = getColumnModel().getColumnIndexAtX(point.x);
 
    CellSpan cellAtt = (CellSpan)((AttributiveCellTableModel)getModel()).getCellAttribute();
 
    if (cellAtt.isVisible(row,column)) {
      retValue[CellSpan.COLUMN] = column;
      retValue[CellSpan.ROW   ] = row;
      return retValue;
    }
    retValue[CellSpan.COLUMN] = column + cellAtt.getSpan(row,column)[CellSpan.COLUMN];
    retValue[CellSpan.ROW   ] = row + cellAtt.getSpan(row,column)[CellSpan.ROW];
    return retValue;
  }
 
   
  public int rowAtPoint(Point point) {
    return rowColumnAtPoint(point)[CellSpan.ROW];
  }
 
  public int columnAtPoint(Point point) {
    return rowColumnAtPoint(point)[CellSpan.COLUMN];
  }
  
  public void columnSelectionChanged(ListSelectionEvent e) {
    repaint();
  }
 
  public void valueChanged(ListSelectionEvent e) {
    int firstIndex = e.getFirstIndex();
    int  lastIndex = e.getLastIndex();
    if (firstIndex == -1 && lastIndex == -1) { // Selection cleared.
      repaint();
    }
    Rectangle dirtyRegion = getCellRect(firstIndex, 0, false);
    int numCoumns = getColumnCount();
    int index = firstIndex;
    for (int i=0;i<numCoumns;i++) {
      dirtyRegion.add(getCellRect(index, i, false));
    }
    index = lastIndex;
    for (int i=0;i<numCoumns;i++) {
      dirtyRegion.add(getCellRect(index, i, false));
    }
    repaint(dirtyRegion.x, dirtyRegion.y, dirtyRegion.width, dirtyRegion.height);
  }
  
}

MultiSpanCellTableUI.java:

import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.table.*;
import javax.swing.plaf.basic.*;
 
/**
 * @version 1.0 11/26/98
 */
 
public class MultiSpanCellTableUI extends BasicTableUI {
 
  public void paint(Graphics g, JComponent c) {
    Rectangle oldClipBounds = g.getClipBounds();
    Rectangle clipBounds    = new Rectangle(oldClipBounds);
    int tableWidth   = table.getColumnModel().getTotalColumnWidth();
    clipBounds.width = Math.min(clipBounds.width, tableWidth);
    g.setClip(clipBounds);
 
    int firstIndex = table.rowAtPoint(new Point(0, clipBounds.y));
    int  lastIndex = table.getRowCount()-1;
 
    Rectangle rowRect = new Rectangle(0,0,
      tableWidth, table.getRowHeight() + table.getRowMargin());
    rowRect.y = firstIndex*rowRect.height;
 
    for (int index = firstIndex; index <= lastIndex; index++) {
      if (rowRect.intersects(clipBounds)) {
        //System.out.println();                  // debug
        //System.out.print("" + index +": ");    // row
        paintRow(g, index);
      }
      rowRect.y += rowRect.height;
    }
    g.setClip(oldClipBounds);
  }
 
  private void paintRow(Graphics g, int row) {
    Rectangle rect = g.getClipBounds();
    boolean drawn  = false;
    
    AttributiveCellTableModel tableModel = (AttributiveCellTableModel)table.getModel();
    CellSpan cellAtt = (CellSpan)tableModel.getCellAttribute();
    int numColumns = table.getColumnCount();
 
    for (int column = 0; column < numColumns; column++) {
      Rectangle cellRect = table.getCellRect(row,column,true);
      int cellRow,cellColumn;
      if (cellAtt.isVisible(row,column)) {
        cellRow    = row;
        cellColumn = column;
          //  System.out.print("   "+column+" ");  // debug
      } else {
        cellRow    = row + cellAtt.getSpan(row,column)[CellSpan.ROW];
        cellColumn = column + cellAtt.getSpan(row,column)[CellSpan.COLUMN];
          //  System.out.print("  ("+column+")");  // debug
      }
      if (cellRect.intersects(rect)) {
        drawn = true;
        paintCell(g, cellRect, cellRow, cellColumn);
      } else {
        if (drawn) break;
      } 
    }
 
  }
 
  private void paintCell(Graphics g, Rectangle cellRect, int row, int column) {
    int spacingHeight = table.getRowMargin();
    int spacingWidth  = table.getColumnModel().getColumnMargin();
 
    Color c = g.getColor();
    g.setColor(table.getGridColor());
    g.drawRect(cellRect.x,cellRect.y,cellRect.width-1,cellRect.height-1);
    g.setColor(c);
 
    cellRect.setBounds(cellRect.x + spacingWidth/2, cellRect.y + spacingHeight/2,
                       cellRect.width - spacingWidth, cellRect.height - spacingHeight);
 
    if (table.isEditing() && table.getEditingRow()==row &&
        table.getEditingColumn()==column) {
      Component component = table.getEditorComponent();
      component.setBounds(cellRect);
      component.validate();
    }
    else {
      TableCellRenderer renderer = table.getCellRenderer(row, column);
      Component component = table.prepareRenderer(renderer, row, column);

      if (component.getParent() == null) {
        rendererPane.add(component);
      }
      rendererPane.paintComponent(g, component, table, cellRect.x, cellRect.y,
                                  cellRect.width, cellRect.height, true);
    }
  }    
}

Saving the contents of a JPanel in a JPG image

The following example saves the content of the JPanel in the file test.jpg when the JFrame is closed. Play around with the saveComponent method that takes any sort of Component as a parameter.

Main.java:

import com.sun.image.codec.jpeg.*;
import javax.swing.border.*;
import java.awt.image.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.io.*;
 
public class Main extends JFrame 
{
   JPanel panel;
 
   public Main() {
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) { 
            saveComponent(panel, "test.jpg");
            System.exit(0);
         }
      });
 
      panel = createContactPanel();
 
      JScrollPane sp = new JScrollPane();
      sp.setViewportView(panel);
 
      getContentPane().setLayout(new BorderLayout());
      getContentPane().add(sp, BorderLayout.CENTER); 
   }
 
   public JPanel createContactPanel() {
      JLabel titleLbl      = new JLabel("Title");
      JLabel firstNameLbl  = new JLabel("First name");
      JLabel lastNameLbl   = new JLabel("Last name");
      JLabel addressLbl    = new JLabel("Address");
      JLabel cityLbl       = new JLabel("City");
      JLabel zipLbl        = new JLabel("Postal code");
      JLabel countryLbl    = new JLabel("Country");
      JLabel phoneLbl      = new JLabel("Phone number");
      JLabel faxLbl        = new JLabel("Fax number");
      JLabel emailLbl      = new JLabel("E-mail");
      JLabel birthdayLbl   = new JLabel("Birthdate");
      JLabel pickchoiceLbl = new JLabel("Pick a choice");
      JLabel creditCardTypeLbl     = new JLabel("Credit card type");
      JLabel creditCardNumberLbl   = new JLabel("Credit card number");
      JLabel expirationLbl         = new JLabel("Expiration date");
 
      JComboBox titleCombo = new JComboBox(
             new String[] { "-", "Mr", "Mrs", "Miss" });
      JTextField firstNameTf    = new JTextField();
      JTextField lastNameTf     = new JTextField();
      JTextField address1Tf     = new JTextField();
      JTextField address2Tf     = new JTextField();
      JTextField cityTf         = new JTextField();
      JTextField zipTf          = new JTextField();
      JTextField countryTf      = new JTextField();
      JTextField phoneTf        = new JTextField();
      JTextField faxTf          = new JTextField();
      JTextField emailTf        = new JTextField();
      JComboBox bd1Combo = new JComboBox();
      for (int i=1; i<=12; i++) bd1Combo.addItem(""+i);
      JComboBox bd2Combo = new JComboBox();
      for (int i=1; i<=31; i++) bd2Combo.addItem(""+i);
      JComboBox bd3Combo = new JComboBox();
      for (int i=1900; i<2000; i++) bd3Combo.addItem(""+i);
      JComboBox referCombo = new JComboBox();
      referCombo.addItem("Friend");
      referCombo.addItem("Search engine");
      referCombo.addItem("Print Media");
      referCombo.addItem("Banner Add");
      referCombo.addItem("Other");
      JComboBox creditCardTypeCombo = new JComboBox();
      creditCardTypeCombo.addItem("VISA");
      creditCardTypeCombo.addItem("MasterCard");
      creditCardTypeCombo.addItem("American Express");
      JTextField creditCardNumberTf = new JTextField();
      JComboBox expiration1Combo = new JComboBox();
      for (int i=1; i<=12; i++) expiration1Combo.addItem(""+i);
      JComboBox expiration2Combo = new JComboBox();
      for (int i=1; i<=31; i++) expiration2Combo.addItem(""+i);
      JComboBox expiration3Combo = new JComboBox();
      for (int i=1900; i<=2000; i++) expiration3Combo.addItem(""+i);
 
      JPanel panelGeneral = new JPanel();
      panelGeneral.setLayout(null);
      panelGeneral.add(titleLbl);
      panelGeneral.setBorder(new TitledBorder("General Information"));
      titleLbl.setBounds(20, 20, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(firstNameLbl);
      firstNameLbl.setBounds(20, 50, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(lastNameLbl);
      lastNameLbl.setBounds(20, 80, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(addressLbl);
      addressLbl.setBounds(20, 110, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(cityLbl);
      cityLbl.setBounds(20, 170, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(zipLbl);
      zipLbl.setBounds(20, 200, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(countryLbl);
      countryLbl.setBounds(20, 230, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(phoneLbl);
      phoneLbl.setBounds(20, 260, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(faxLbl);
      faxLbl.setBounds(20, 290, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(emailLbl);
      emailLbl.setBounds(20, 320, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(birthdayLbl);
      birthdayLbl.setBounds(20, 350, 150, 20); 
      panelGeneral.add(titleCombo);
      titleCombo.setBounds(150, 20, 60, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(firstNameTf);
      firstNameTf.setBounds(150, 50, 200, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(lastNameTf);
      lastNameTf.setBounds(150, 80, 200, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(address1Tf);
      address1Tf.setBounds(150, 110, 200, 20);  
      panelGeneral.add(address2Tf);
      address2Tf.setBounds(150, 140, 200, 20);  
      panelGeneral.add(cityTf);
      cityTf.setBounds(150, 170, 200, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(zipTf);
      zipTf.setBounds(150, 200, 200, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(countryTf);
      countryTf.setBounds(150, 230, 200, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(phoneTf);
      phoneTf.setBounds(150, 260, 200, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(faxTf);
      faxTf.setBounds(150, 290, 200, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(emailTf);
      emailTf.setBounds(150, 320, 200, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(bd1Combo);
      bd1Combo.setBounds(150, 350, 60, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(bd2Combo);
      bd2Combo.setBounds(220, 350, 60, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(bd3Combo);
      bd3Combo.setBounds(290, 350, 60, 20);
 
      JPanel panelReferral = new JPanel();
      panelReferral.setLayout(null);
      panelReferral.setBorder(new TitledBorder("Where did you hear about us?"));
      panelReferral.add(pickchoiceLbl);
      pickchoiceLbl.setBounds(20, 20, 150, 20);
      panelReferral.add(referCombo);
      referCombo.setBounds(150, 20, 100, 20);
 
      JPanel panelCreditCard = new JPanel();
      panelCreditCard.setLayout(null);
      panelCreditCard.setBorder(new TitledBorder("Payment method"));
      panelCreditCard.add(creditCardTypeLbl);
      creditCardTypeLbl.setBounds(20, 20, 150, 20);
      panelCreditCard.add(creditCardNumberLbl);
      creditCardNumberLbl.setBounds(20, 50, 150, 20);
      panelCreditCard.add(expirationLbl);
      expirationLbl.setBounds(20, 80, 150, 20);
 
      panelCreditCard.add(creditCardTypeCombo);
      creditCardTypeCombo.setBounds(150, 20, 100, 20);
      panelCreditCard.add(creditCardNumberTf);
      creditCardNumberTf.setBounds(150, 50, 150, 20);
      panelCreditCard.add(expiration2Combo);
      expiration2Combo.setBounds(220, 80, 60, 20);
      panelCreditCard.add(expiration3Combo);
      expiration3Combo.setBounds(290, 80, 60, 20);
 
      JPanel panel = new JPanel();
      panel.setLayout(null);
      panel.add(panelGeneral);
      panelGeneral.setBounds(10, 20, 370, 400);
      panel.add(panelReferral);
      panelReferral.setBounds(10, 430, 370, 50);
      panel.add(panelCreditCard);
      panelCreditCard.setBounds(10, 490, 370, 120);
      
      panel.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(380, 620)); 
 
      return panel;
   }
 
   public void saveComponent(Component c, String filename) {
      Dimension d = c.getPreferredSize();
      BufferedImage bi = new BufferedImage((int) d.getWidth(), (int) d.getHeight(),
                                           BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
 
      Graphics2D g2 = bi.createGraphics();
      g2.setClip(0, 0, (int) d.getWidth(), (int) d.getHeight());
      c.paint(g2);
      try {
         BufferedOutputStream bos = new BufferedOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(filename));
         JPGWrite(bi, bos);
      }
      catch(Exception e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
      }
   }
 
   public static void JPGWrite(BufferedImage bi, OutputStream out) throws IOException {
      JPEGImageEncoder encoder = JPEGCodec.createJPEGEncoder(out);
      JPEGEncodeParam param = encoder.getDefaultJPEGEncodeParam(bi);
      param.setQuality(1f, true);
      encoder.encode(bi, param);
   }
 
   public static void main(String []args) {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.setSize(400, 400);
      main.setVisible(true);
   }
}

Switching to another display mode

From JDK1.4, you can use the class DisplayMode. Either instantiate a DisplayMode object by specifying width, height, bitdepth and refreshrate, or get a list of available DisplayModes by calling the method getDisplayModes on the current GraphicsDevice.

When you’ve made up your mind about the display mode, call the method setFullScreenWindow to get the device into “full-screen exclusive mode” (necessary) and the method setDisplayMode to perform the display change.

Main.java:

import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
 
public class Main extends JFrame {
   DisplayMode oldDm;
 
   public Main() {
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) {
            System.exit(1);
         }
      });
 
      GraphicsEnvironment ge = GraphicsEnvironment.getLocalGraphicsEnvironment (); 
      final GraphicsDevice gd = ge.getDefaultScreenDevice ();
 
      oldDm = gd.getDisplayMode();
      final DisplayMode dm[] = gd.getDisplayModes();
 
      Vector v = getDisplayModesAsStrings(dm);
      final JComboBox cb = new JComboBox(v);
      cb.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
         public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent ae) {
            int selectedIndex = cb.getSelectedIndex();
            gd.setFullScreenWindow(Main.this);
        
            if (gd.isDisplayChangeSupported()) {
               try {
                  gd.setDisplayMode(dm[selectedIndex]); 
               } catch(Exception e) {
                  gd.setDisplayMode(oldDm);
               }
            }
            else {
               System.out.println("Display change not supported!");
            }            
         }
      });
 
      getContentPane().setLayout(new FlowLayout(FlowLayout.LEFT, 10, 10));
      getContentPane().add(new JLabel("Change to display mode:"));
      getContentPane().add(cb);
      pack();  
   }
 
   public Vector getDisplayModesAsStrings(DisplayMode dm[]) {
      Vector v = new Vector();
 
      for (int i=0; i<dm.length; i++) {
         int width = dm[i].getWidth();
         int height = dm[i].getHeight();
         int bitDepth = dm[i].getBitDepth();
         int refreshRate = dm[i].getRefreshRate();
         v.add("" + width + "x" + height + " " + bitDepth + "bit " + 
                              (refreshRate == 0 ? "unknown" : ""+refreshRate + "hz"));
      }
 
      return v;
   }
 
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.setVisible(true);
   } 
}

Aligning the drop-down arrow of a JComboBox to the right

Main.java:

import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
 
public class Main extends JFrame
{
   public Main() {
      this.addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) {
            System.exit(0);
         }
      });
 
      getContentPane().setLayout(new FlowLayout(FlowLayout.LEFT));
      Object []items = new Object[] { "one", "two", "three", "four", 
                                      "five", "six", "seven" };
      JComboBox comboBox = new JComboBox(items);
      getContentPane().add(comboBox);
      comboBox.setComponentOrientation(ComponentOrientation.RIGHT_TO_LEFT);
   }
 
   public static void main(String []args) {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.setSize(200, 200);
      main.setVisible(true);
   }
}