Putting a JCheckbox in a JComboBox

Here’s a working example:

Main.java:

import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.util.*;
 
public class Main extends JFrame
{
   public Main() {
      setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
       
      getContentPane().setLayout(new FlowLayout());
       
      Vector v = new Vector();
      v.add("Europe");
      v.add(new JCheckBox("Brussels", false));
      v.add(new JCheckBox("Paris", false));
      v.add(new JCheckBox("London", false));
      v.add("United States");
      v.add(new JCheckBox("New York", false));
      v.add(new JCheckBox("Detroit", false));
      v.add(new JCheckBox("San Francisco", false));
 
      getContentPane().add(new JComboCheckBox(v));
   }
    
   public static void main(String []args) {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.setSize(300, 300);
      main.setVisible(true);
   }
}

JComboCheckBox.java:

import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.util.*;
 
public class JComboCheckBox extends JComboBox 
{
   public JComboCheckBox() { 
      init(); 
   }
   
   public JComboCheckBox(JCheckBox[] items) { 
      super(items); 
      init(); 
   }
   
   public JComboCheckBox(Vector items) { 
      super(items); 
      init(); 
   }
   
   public JComboCheckBox(ComboBoxModel aModel) { 
      super(aModel); 
      init(); 
   }
   
   private void init() {
      setRenderer(new ComboBoxRenderer());
      addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
         public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent ae) { 
            itemSelected(); 
         }
      });
   }
 
   private void itemSelected() {
      if (getSelectedItem() instanceof JCheckBox) {
         JCheckBox jcb = (JCheckBox)getSelectedItem();
         jcb.setSelected(!jcb.isSelected());
      }
   }
 
   class ComboBoxRenderer implements ListCellRenderer {
      private JLabel label;
      
      public ComboBoxRenderer() { 
         setOpaque(true); 
      }
      
      public Component getListCellRendererComponent(JList list, Object value, int index, 
                                                    boolean isSelected, boolean cellHasFocus) {
         if (value instanceof Component) {
            Component c = (Component)value;
            if (isSelected) {
               c.setBackground(list.getSelectionBackground());
               c.setForeground(list.getSelectionForeground());
            } else {
               c.setBackground(list.getBackground());
               c.setForeground(list.getForeground());
            }
             
            return c;
         } else {
            if (label ==null) {
               label = new JLabel(value.toString());
            }
            else {
               label.setText(value.toString());
            }
               
            return label;
         }
      }
   }
}

Creating an editable JComboBox

Use the method setEditable. Here’s an example:

import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
   
public class Main extends JFrame
{ 
   public Main() {
      getContentPane().setLayout(new BorderLayout());
      final JComboBox combobox = new JComboBox();
      final JList list = new JList(new DefaultListModel());
 
      getContentPane().add(BorderLayout.NORTH, combobox);
      getContentPane().add(BorderLayout.CENTER, list); 
 
      combobox.setEditable(true);
      combobox.addItemListener(new ItemListener() {
         public void itemStateChanged(ItemEvent ie) {
            if (ie.getStateChange() == ItemEvent.SELECTED) {
               ((DefaultListModel) list.getModel()).addElement(combobox.getSelectedItem());
               combobox.insertItemAt(combobox.getSelectedItem(), 0);
            }
         }
      });
 
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) {
            System.exit(1);
         }
      });      
   
      setSize(new Dimension(200, 200));
   } 
 
   public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.setVisible(true);
   }
}

Having a JList go to a specific item when a user presses a key

JListKeyPressed.java:

import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
 
public class JListKeyPressed extends JFrame {
   private JList list;
   private JPanel p;
 
   public JListKeyPressed() {
      super("JListKeyPressed");
      p = new JPanel();
      final String data[] = {"ah","bh","ch","dh","eh","fh","gh","hh","ih"};
      list = new JList(data);
 
      list.addKeyListener(new KeyAdapter() {
         public void keyPressed(KeyEvent e) {
            for(int i = 0; i < data.length; i++) {
               if(data[i].charAt(0) == Character.toLowerCase(e.getKeyChar())) {
                  list.setSelectedIndex(i);
               }
            }
         }
      });
 
      setContentPane(p);
      p.add(list);
      setSize(300,300);
 	
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent event) {
            dispose();
            System.exit(0);
         }
      });
 	
      setVisible(true);
   }
 
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      JListKeyPressed j = new JListKeyPressed();
   }
}

Creating a JComboBox that doesn’t close when I click one of its JCheckBox items

Main.java:

import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.util.*;
 
public class Main extends JFrame
{
   public Main() {
      setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
       
      getContentPane().setLayout(new FlowLayout());
       
      Vector v = new Vector();
      v.add("Europe");
      v.add(new JCheckBox("Brussels", false));
      v.add(new JCheckBox("Paris", false));
      v.add(new JCheckBox("London", false));
      v.add("United States");
      v.add(new JCheckBox("New York", false));
      v.add(new JCheckBox("Detroit", false));
      v.add(new JCheckBox("San Francisco", false));
 
      getContentPane().add(new JComboCheckBox(v));
   }
    
   public static void main(String []args) {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.setSize(300, 300);
      main.setVisible(true);
   }
}

JComboCheckBox.java:

import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
 
import javax.swing.plaf.ComboBoxUI;
import javax.swing.plaf.basic.*;
import javax.swing.plaf.metal.MetalComboBoxUI;
 
import com.sun.java.swing.plaf.motif.MotifComboBoxUI;
import com.sun.java.swing.plaf.windows.WindowsComboBoxUI;
 
import java.awt.*;
import java.util.*;
 
public class JComboCheckBox extends JComboBox 
{
   public JComboCheckBox() { 
      init(); 
   }
    
   public JComboCheckBox(JCheckBox[] items) { 
      super(items); 
      init(); 
   }
    
   public JComboCheckBox(Vector items) { 
      super(items); 
      init(); 
   }
    
   public JComboCheckBox(ComboBoxModel aModel) { 
      super(aModel); 
      init(); 
   }
    
   public void updateUI() {
      ComboBoxUI cui = (ComboBoxUI) UIManager.getUI(this);
      if (cui instanceof MetalComboBoxUI) {
         cui = new MetalNoCloseComboBoxUI();
      } else if (cui instanceof MotifComboBoxUI) {
         cui = new MotifNoCloseComboBoxUI();       
      } else if (cui instanceof WindowsComboBoxUI) {
         cui = new WindowsNoCloseComboBoxUI();
      }
       
      setUI(cui);
   }
    
   class MetalNoCloseComboBoxUI extends MetalComboBoxUI {
      protected ComboPopup createPopup() {
         return new NoCloseBasicComboPopup(comboBox);
      }
   }
 
   class WindowsNoCloseComboBoxUI extends WindowsComboBoxUI {
      protected ComboPopup createPopup() {
         return new NoCloseBasicComboPopup(comboBox);
      }
   }
 
   class MotifNoCloseComboBoxUI extends MotifComboBoxUI {
      protected ComboPopup createPopup() {
         return new NoCloseBasicComboPopup(comboBox);
      }
   }
    
   private void init() {
      setRenderer(new ComboBoxRenderer());
      addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
         public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent ae) { 
            itemSelected(); 
         }
      });
   }
 
   private void itemSelected() {
      if (getSelectedItem() instanceof JCheckBox) {
         JCheckBox jcb = (JCheckBox)getSelectedItem();
         jcb.setSelected(!jcb.isSelected());
         repaint();
      }
   }
 
   class ComboBoxRenderer implements ListCellRenderer {
      private JLabel label;
      
      public ComboBoxRenderer() { 
         setOpaque(true); 
      }
      
      public Component getListCellRendererComponent(JList list, Object value, int index, 
                                                    boolean isSelected, boolean cellHasFocus) {
         if (value instanceof JCheckBox) {
            list.repaint();
         }
         if (value instanceof Component) {
            Component c = (Component)value;
            if (isSelected) {
               c.setBackground(list.getSelectionBackground());
               c.setForeground(list.getSelectionForeground());
            } else {
               c.setBackground(list.getBackground());
               c.setForeground(list.getForeground());
            }
            
            return c;
         } else {
            if (label==null) {
               label = new JLabel(value.toString());
            }
            else {
               label.setText(value.toString()); 
            }
            
            return label;
         }
      }
   }
 
   class NoCloseBasicComboPopup extends BasicComboPopup
   {
      public NoCloseBasicComboPopup(JComboBox combo) {
         super(combo);         
      }
   
      protected MouseListener createListMouseListener() {
         return new ListMouseHandler();
      }
   
      protected class ListMouseHandler extends MouseAdapter {
         public void mousePressed(MouseEvent e) {
         }
      
         public void mouseReleased(MouseEvent anEvent) {
            comboBox.setSelectedIndex(list.getSelectedIndex());
            Object o = list.getSelectedValue();
            if (! (o instanceof JCheckBox)) {
               hide();
            }
         }
      }   
   }   
}

Showing a different tooltip for every item in a JComboBox

Modify the behavior of the ListRenderer such that it includes the currently selected JComboBox item in determining the tooltip text. Here’s an example:

import javax.swing.plaf.basic.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
    
public class Main extends JFrame
{ 
   public Main() {
      getContentPane().setLayout(new FlowLayout());
      
      final JComboBox combobox = new JComboBox(new String[] { "Item 1", "Item 2", "Item 3" });
 
      getContentPane().add(combobox);
 
      combobox.setRenderer(new BasicComboBoxRenderer() {
         public Component getListCellRendererComponent(JList list, Object value, int index, boolean isSelected, boolean cellHasFocus) { 
            if (isSelected) { 
               setBackground(list.getSelectionBackground()); 
               setForeground(list.getSelectionForeground()); 
               if (index > -1) {
                  list.setToolTipText("Tooltip #" + new Integer(index).toString()); 
               }
            }
            else { 
               setBackground(list.getBackground()); 
               setForeground(list.getForeground()); 
            } 
            setFont(list.getFont()); 
            setText((value == null) ? "" : value.toString()); 
 
            return this; 
         }
      });
 
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) {
            System.exit(1);
         }
      });      
   
      setSize(new Dimension(200, 200));
   } 
 
   public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.setVisible(true);
   }
}

Displaying animated GIFs in a JList

Try this example with the following two images:

import javax.swing.border.*;
import java.awt.image.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
 
public class Main {
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      JFrame frame = new JFrame("JList Background Demonstration");
 
      JList list = new JList();
 
      String [] imageIcon = new String[] {
         "female.gif", "male.gif"
      };
 
      // create model
      Vector v = new Vector();
      for (int i=0; i<10; i++) {
         ImageIcon ii = new ImageIcon(imageIcon[i % 2]);
         ii.setImageObserver(new AnimatedObserver(list, i));
         v.addElement(ii);
      }
 
      list.setListData(v);
  
      frame.getContentPane().add(BorderLayout.CENTER, list); //new JScrollPane(list));
      frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(3);
      frame.pack();
      frame.setVisible(true);
   }
}
 
class AnimatedObserver implements ImageObserver 
{ 
   JList list; 
   int index; 
 
   public AnimatedObserver(JList list, int index) { 
      this.list = list; 
      this.index = index; 
   }  
 
   public boolean imageUpdate (Image img, int infoflags, int x, int y, int width, int height) {
      if ((infoflags & (FRAMEBITS|ALLBITS)) != 0) { 
         Rectangle rect = list.getCellBounds(index, index); 
         list.repaint(rect); 
      } 
 
      return (infoflags & (ALLBITS|ABORT)) == 0; 
   }
} 

Disabling some of the elements in a JComboBox

We wrap a JComboBox element in our ConditionalItem object that includes a boolean variable isEnabled. Now, in order to change the default behavior of the JComboBox, we need to handle two things: first blur out the elements that are disabled using our own renderer and second ensure the disabled elements cannot be selected by adding a ActionListener that selects the old selected element in case a disabled item was selected.

Main.java:

import javax.swing.plaf.basic.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
    
public class Main extends JFrame
{ 
   public Main() {
      getContentPane().setLayout(new FlowLayout());
      
      final JComboBox combobox = 
         new JComboBox(
            new ConditionalItem[] { 
               new ConditionalItem("Item 1"),
               new ConditionalItem("Item 2", false),
               new ConditionalItem("Item 3", false),
               new ConditionalItem("Item 4")
            }
         );
 
      getContentPane().add(combobox);
      combobox.setRenderer(new ConditionalComboBoxRenderer());
      combobox.addActionListener(new ConditionalComboBoxListener(combobox));
  
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) {
            System.exit(1);
         }
      });      
   
      setSize(new Dimension(200, 200));
   } 
 
   public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.setVisible(true);
   }
}
 
class ConditionalComboBoxRenderer extends BasicComboBoxRenderer implements ListCellRenderer
{
   public Component getListCellRendererComponent(JList list, 
           Object value, int index, boolean isSelected, boolean cellHasFocus) {
      if (isSelected) {
        setBackground(list.getSelectionBackground());
        setForeground(list.getSelectionForeground());
      } else {
        setBackground(list.getBackground());
        setForeground(list.getForeground());
      } 
 
      if (!((Conditionable) value).isEnabled()) {
        setBackground(list.getBackground());
        setForeground(UIManager.getColor("Label.disabledForeground"));
      }
 
      setFont(list.getFont());
      setText((value == null) ? "" : value.toString());
      return this;
   }  
}
 
class ConditionalComboBoxListener implements ActionListener {
   JComboBox combobox;
   Object oldItem;
    
   ConditionalComboBoxListener(JComboBox combobox) {
      this.combobox = combobox;
      combobox.setSelectedIndex(0);
      oldItem = combobox.getSelectedItem();
   }
    
   public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
      Object selectedItem = combobox.getSelectedItem();
      if (!((Conditionable) selectedItem).isEnabled()) {
         combobox.setSelectedItem(oldItem);
      } else {
         oldItem = selectedItem;
      }
   }
}
 
class ConditionalItem implements Conditionable {
   Object  object;
   boolean isEnabled;
    
   ConditionalItem(Object object, boolean isEnabled) {
      this.object = object;
      this.isEnabled = isEnabled;
   }
    
   ConditionalItem(Object object) {
     this(object, true);
   }
   
   public boolean isEnabled() {
      return isEnabled;
   }
    
   public void setEnabled(boolean isEnabled) {
      this.isEnabled = isEnabled;
   }
    
   public String toString() {
      return object.toString();
   }
}
 
interface Conditionable {
   public boolean isEnabled();
   public void setEnabled(boolean enabled);
   public String toString();
}

Creating a background for a JList

Here’s an example:

import javax.swing.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
 
public class Main {
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      JFrame frame = new JFrame("JList Background Demonstration");
      final ImageIcon imageIcon = new ImageIcon("bg1.jpg");
 
      Vector v = new Vector();
      for (int i=0; i<10; i++) {
         v.addElement("Item #" + i);
      }
 
      JList list = new JList(v) {
         Image image = imageIcon.getImage();
         { 
            setOpaque(false);
         }
         public void paintComponent(Graphics g) {
            g.drawImage(image, 0, 0, this);
            super.paintComponent(g);
         }
      };
      list.setCellRenderer(new OpaqueCellRenderer());
      
      frame.getContentPane().add(BorderLayout.CENTER, list); //new JScrollPane(list));
      frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(3);
      frame.pack();
      frame.setVisible(true);
   }
}
 
class OpaqueCellRenderer extends DefaultListCellRenderer implements ListCellRenderer {
   public Component getListCellRendererComponent(
      JList list,
      Object value,            // value to display
      int index,               // cell index
      boolean isSelected,      // is the cell selected
      boolean cellHasFocus)    // the list and the cell have the focus
   {
      Component c = super.getListCellRendererComponent(list, value, index, isSelected, cellHasFocus);
 
      if (isSelected) {
         ((JComponent) c).setOpaque(true);
         c.setBackground(list.getSelectionBackground());
         c.setForeground(list.getSelectionForeground());
      }
      else {
         ((JComponent) c).setOpaque(false);
         c.setBackground(list.getBackground());
         c.setForeground(list.getForeground());
      }
 
      return c;
   }
}

bg1.jpg:

Creating a JComboBox with a divider separator line

Create a cellRenderer that does not convert the element to a String in order to show it, but instead checks whether it is a JSeparator and returns that component instead. Then make sure the JSeparator itself cannot be selected by adding an ActionListener to the combobox.

Main.java:

import javax.swing.plaf.basic.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
    
public class Main extends JFrame
{ 
   public Main() {
      getContentPane().setLayout(new FlowLayout());
      
      final JComboBox combobox = 
         new JComboBox(new Object[] {
               "Item 1",
               "Item 2",
               "Item 3",
               new JSeparator(JSeparator.HORIZONTAL),
               "Item 4",
               "Item 5"
            }
         );
 
      getContentPane().add(combobox);
      combobox.setRenderer(new SeparatorComboBoxRenderer());
      combobox.addActionListener(new SeparatorComboBoxListener(combobox));
  
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) {
            System.exit(1);
         }
      });      
   
      setSize(new Dimension(200, 200));
   } 
 
   public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.setVisible(true);
   }
}
 
class SeparatorComboBoxRenderer extends BasicComboBoxRenderer implements ListCellRenderer
{
   public SeparatorComboBoxRenderer() {
      super();
   }
   
   public Component getListCellRendererComponent( JList list, 
           Object value, int index, boolean isSelected, boolean cellHasFocus) {
      if (isSelected) {
          setBackground(list.getSelectionBackground());
          setForeground(list.getSelectionForeground());
      }
      else {
          setBackground(list.getBackground());
          setForeground(list.getForeground());
      }
 
      setFont(list.getFont());
      if (value instanceof Icon) {
         setIcon((Icon)value);
      }
      if (value instanceof JSeparator) {
         return (Component) value;
      }
      else {
         setText((value == null) ? "" : value.toString());
      }
 
      return this;
  }  
}
 
class SeparatorComboBoxListener implements ActionListener {
   JComboBox combobox;
   Object oldItem;
    
   SeparatorComboBoxListener(JComboBox combobox) {
      this.combobox = combobox;
      combobox.setSelectedIndex(0);
      oldItem = combobox.getSelectedItem();
   }
     
   public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
      Object selectedItem = combobox.getSelectedItem();
      if (selectedItem instanceof JSeparator) {
         combobox.setSelectedItem(oldItem);
      } else {
         oldItem = selectedItem;
      }
   }
}

Adding a border to each element in a JList

Change the default cell renderer as in following example:

import javax.swing.border.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
 
public class Main {
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      JFrame frame = new JFrame("JList Background Demonstration");
      final ImageIcon imageIcon = new ImageIcon("bg1.jpg");
 
      Vector v = new Vector();
      for (int i=0; i<10; i++) {
         v.addElement("Item #" + i);
      }
 
      JList list = new JList(v);
 
      list.setCellRenderer(new BorderCellRenderer(new BevelBorder(BevelBorder.LOWERED)));
//      list.setCellRenderer(new BorderCellRenderer(new BevelBorder(BevelBorder.RAISED)));
//      list.setCellRenderer(new BorderCellRenderer(new EtchedBorder(EtchedBorder.LOWERED)));
//      list.setCellRenderer(new BorderCellRenderer(new EtchedBorder(EtchedBorder.RAISED)));
      
      frame.getContentPane().add(BorderLayout.CENTER, list); //new JScrollPane(list));
      frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(3);
      frame.pack();
      frame.setVisible(true);
   }
}
 
class BorderCellRenderer extends DefaultListCellRenderer implements ListCellRenderer {
   AbstractBorder border;
 
   public BorderCellRenderer(AbstractBorder border) {
      this.border = border;
   }
 
   public Component getListCellRendererComponent(
      JList list,
      Object value,            // value to display
      int index,               // cell index
      boolean isSelected,      // is the cell selected
      boolean cellHasFocus)    // the list and the cell have the focus
   {
      Component c = super.getListCellRendererComponent(list, value, index, isSelected, cellHasFocus);
 
      ((JComponent) c).setBorder(border);
 
      return c;
   }
}