Creating an editable JLabel

You can use a CardLayout, assign card 1 a JLabel and assign card 2 a JTextField. Show card 1 and switch to card 2 when it is time to edit. In the following example, the behavior is defined to edit the JLabel whenever the mouse moves over it.

Main.java:

import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.text.*;
import java.awt.*;
   
public class Main extends JFrame {
   public Main() {
      getContentPane().setLayout(new FlowLayout());
 
      final JLabel label = new JLabel("Move your mouse over this JLabel!");
      final JTextField textfield = new JTextField();
 
      final CardLayout cl = new CardLayout();
      final JPanel panel = new JPanel(cl);
 
      panel.add(label, "label component");
      panel.add(textfield, "textfield component");
 
      getContentPane().add(panel);
  
      label.addMouseListener(new MouseAdapter() {
         public final void mouseEntered(MouseEvent evt) { 
            textfield.setText(label.getText());
            cl.show(panel, "textfield component");
         } 
      });
 
      textfield.addMouseListener(new MouseAdapter() {
         public final void mouseExited(MouseEvent evt) { 
            label.setText(textfield.getText());
            cl.show(panel, "label component");
         } 
      }); 
 
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent event) {
            System.exit(0);   
         }      
      });
 
      setSize(300, 200);
   }
 
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      (new Main()).show();
   }
}

Allowing only individual rows to be selected in a JTable

By default, multiple rows can be selected in a Table. You can change this behavior through a ListSelectionModel. Invoke the method setSelectionMode on your JTable object and set it to one of these three static final variables defined in ListSelectionModel:

MULTIPLE_INTERVAL_SELECTION: to allow multiple contiguous selection ranges
SINGLE_INTERVAL_SELECTION: to allow one contiguous selection range
SINGLE_SELECTION: to allow only one list index selection

Add a ListSelectionListener and define the behaviour in valueChanged.

Here’s a working example:

import javax.swing.event.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
 
public class Main extends JFrame 
{
   public Main() {
      super("Table example, Wines from Bordeaux");
 
      Object[][] tabledata = {
            { "Chateau Meyney, St. Estephe", 	   new Integer(1994), "$18.75"},
            { "Chateau Montrose, St. Estephe", 	   new Integer(1975), "$54.25" },
            { "Chateau Gloria, St. Julien", 	   new Integer(1993), "$22.99" },
            { "Chateau Beychevelle, St. Julien",   new Integer(1970), "$61.63" },
            { "Chateau La Tour de Mons, Margeaux", new Integer(1975), "$57.03" },
            { "Chateau Brane-Cantenac, Margeaux",  new Integer(1978), "$49.92" },
      };
 
      String columnheaders[] = { "Wine", "Vintage", "Price" };
 
      JTable table = new JTable(tabledata, columnheaders);
      table.setPreferredScrollableViewportSize(new Dimension(500, 70));
      JScrollPane scrollPane = new JScrollPane(table);
 
      table.setSelectionMode(ListSelectionModel.SINGLE_SELECTION);
      ListSelectionModel listSelectionModel = table.getSelectionModel();
      listSelectionModel.addListSelectionListener(new ListSelectionListener() {
         public void valueChanged(ListSelectionEvent e) {
 
            // ignore clicks when user is still making his selection,
            // eg. dragging the mouse
            if (e.getValueIsAdjusting()) return;
                  
            ListSelectionModel lsm = (ListSelectionModel) e.getSource();
            if (lsm.isSelectionEmpty()) {
               System.out.println("No selection!");
            } else {
               int selectedRow = lsm.getMinSelectionIndex();
               System.out.println("Row selected: " + selectedRow);
            }
 
         } 
      });
  
      getContentPane().add(scrollPane);
 
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) {
            System.exit(0);
         }
      });
 
      pack();
   }
 
   public static void main(String []args) {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.show();
   }
}

Creating a JTable with multiple row headers

Courtesy of Nobuo Tamemasa (http://www2.gol.com/users/tame/swing/examples/JTableExamples1.htm7)



MultipleRowHeaderExample.java:

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.table.*;
import javax.swing.event.*;
   
/*   ----------------------------------------------
 *  |         SNo.        |
 *   ----------------------------------------------
 *  |          |     1    |
 *  |   Name   |-----------------------------------
 *  |          |     2    |
 *   ----------------------------------------------
 *  |          |     1    |
 *  |          |-----------------------------------
 *  | Language |     2    |
 *  |          |-----------------------------------
 *  |          |     3    |
 *   ----------------------------------------------
 */
 
/**
 * @version 1.0 03/06/99
 */
public class MultipleRowHeaderExample extends JFrame {
  Object[][] data;
  Object[] column;
  JTable table;
  MultiSpanCellTable fixedTable;
 
  public MultipleRowHeaderExample() {
    super( "Multiple Row Header Example" );
    setSize( 400, 150 );
    
    data =  new Object[][]{
        {"SNo."    ,"" },
        {"Name"    ,"1"},
        {""        ,"2"},
        {"Language","1"},
        {""        ,"2"},
        {""        ,"3"}};
    column = new Object[]{"",""};
    
    AttributiveCellTableModel fixedModel = new AttributiveCellTableModel(data, column) {
      public boolean CellEditable(int row, int col) { 
        return false; 
      }
    };
        
    CellSpan cellAtt =(CellSpan)fixedModel.getCellAttribute();
    cellAtt.combine(new int[] {0}    ,new int[] {0,1});
    cellAtt.combine(new int[] {1,2}  ,new int[] {0});
    cellAtt.combine(new int[] {3,4,5},new int[] {0});
    
    DefaultTableModel    model = new DefaultTableModel(data.length, 3);
        
    fixedTable = new MultiSpanCellTable( fixedModel );
    table = new JTable( model );
    fixedTable.setAutoResizeMode(JTable.AUTO_RESIZE_OFF);
    fixedTable.setDefaultRenderer(Object.class, new RowHeaderRenderer(fixedTable));
    fixedTable.setGridColor(table.getTableHeader().getBackground());
    
    JScrollPane scroll = new JScrollPane( table );
    JViewport viewport = new JViewport();
    viewport.setView(fixedTable);
    viewport.setPreferredSize(fixedTable.getPreferredSize());
    scroll.setRowHeaderView(viewport);
    
    getContentPane().add(scroll, BorderLayout.CENTER);
  }
 
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    MultipleRowHeaderExample frame = new MultipleRowHeaderExample();
    frame.addWindowListener( new WindowAdapter() {
      public void windowClosing( WindowEvent e ) {
        System.exit(0);
      }
    });
    frame.setVisible(true);
  }
  
  class RowHeaderRenderer extends JLabel implements TableCellRenderer {  
    RowHeaderRenderer(JTable table) {
      JTableHeader header = table.getTableHeader();
      setOpaque(true);
      setBorder(UIManager.getBorder("TableHeader.cellBorder"));
      setHorizontalAlignment(CENTER);
      setForeground(header.getForeground());
      setBackground(header.getBackground());
      setFont(header.getFont());
    }
   
    public Component getTableCellRendererComponent(JTable table, Object value,
                          boolean isSelected, boolean hasFocus, int row, int column) {
      setText((value == null) ? "" : value.toString());
      return this;
    }
  }
  
}

AttributiveCellTableModel.java:

import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.table.*;
import javax.swing.event.*;
 
/**
 * @version 1.0 11/22/98
 */
 
public class AttributiveCellTableModel extends DefaultTableModel {
 
  protected CellAttribute cellAtt;
     
  public AttributiveCellTableModel() {
    this((Vector)null, 0);
  }
  public AttributiveCellTableModel(int numRows, int numColumns) {
    Vector names = new Vector(numColumns);
    names.setSize(numColumns);
    setColumnIdentifiers(names);
    dataVector = new Vector();
    setNumRows(numRows);
    cellAtt = new DefaultCellAttribute(numRows,numColumns);
  }
  public AttributiveCellTableModel(Vector columnNames, int numRows) {
    setColumnIdentifiers(columnNames);
    dataVector = new Vector();
    setNumRows(numRows);
    cellAtt = new DefaultCellAttribute(numRows,columnNames.size());
  }
  public AttributiveCellTableModel(Object[] columnNames, int numRows) {
    this(convertToVector(columnNames), numRows);
  }  
  public AttributiveCellTableModel(Vector data, Vector columnNames) {
    setDataVector(data, columnNames);
  }
  public AttributiveCellTableModel(Object[][] data, Object[] columnNames) {
    setDataVector(data, columnNames);
  }
     
  public void setDataVector(Vector newData, Vector columnNames) {
    if (newData == null)
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("setDataVector() - Null parameter");
    dataVector = new Vector(0);
    setColumnIdentifiers(columnNames);
    dataVector = newData;
     
    //
    cellAtt = new DefaultCellAttribute(dataVector.size(),
                                       columnIdentifiers.size());
     
    newRowsAdded(new TableModelEvent(this, 0, getRowCount()-1,
                 TableModelEvent.ALL_COLUMNS, TableModelEvent.INSERT));
  }
 
  public void addColumn(Object columnName, Vector columnData) {
    if (columnName == null)
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("addColumn() - null parameter");
    columnIdentifiers.addElement(columnName);
    int index = 0;
    Enumeration enumeration = dataVector.elements();
    while (enumeration.hasMoreElements()) {
      Object value;
      if ((columnData != null) && (index < columnData.size()))
          value = columnData.elementAt(index);
      else
        value = null;
      ((Vector)enumeration.nextElement()).addElement(value);
      index++;
    }
 
    //
    cellAtt.addColumn();

    fireTableStructureChanged();
  }
 
  public void addRow(Vector rowData) {
    Vector newData = null;
    if (rowData == null) {
      newData = new Vector(getColumnCount());
    }
    else {
      rowData.setSize(getColumnCount());
    }
    dataVector.addElement(newData);
 
    //
    cellAtt.addRow();
 
    newRowsAdded(new TableModelEvent(this, getRowCount()-1, getRowCount()-1,
       TableModelEvent.ALL_COLUMNS, TableModelEvent.INSERT));
  }
 
  public void insertRow(int row, Vector rowData) {
    if (rowData == null) {
      rowData = new Vector(getColumnCount());
    }
    else {
      rowData.setSize(getColumnCount());
    }
 
    dataVector.insertElementAt(rowData, row);
 
    //
    cellAtt.insertRow(row);
 
    newRowsAdded(new TableModelEvent(this, row, row,
       TableModelEvent.ALL_COLUMNS, TableModelEvent.INSERT));
  }
  
  public CellAttribute getCellAttribute() {
    return cellAtt;
  }
 
  public void setCellAttribute(CellAttribute newCellAtt) {
    int numColumns = getColumnCount();
    int numRows    = getRowCount();
    if ((newCellAtt.getSize().width  != numColumns) ||
        (newCellAtt.getSize().height != numRows)) {
      newCellAtt.setSize(new Dimension(numRows, numColumns));
    }
    cellAtt = newCellAtt;
    fireTableDataChanged();
  }
 
  /*
  public void changeCellAttribute(int row, int column, Object command) {
    cellAtt.changeAttribute(row, column, command);
  }
 
  public void changeCellAttribute(int[] rows, int[] columns, Object command) {
    cellAtt.changeAttribute(rows, columns, command);
  }
  */
}

DefaultCellAttribute.java:

import java.awt.*;
 
/**
 * @version 1.0 11/22/98
 */
 
public class DefaultCellAttribute 
//    implements CellAttribute ,CellSpan  {
      implements CellAttribute ,CellSpan ,ColoredCell ,CellFont {
 
  //
  // !!!! CAUTION !!!!!
  // these values must be synchronized to Table data
  //
  protected int rowSize;
  protected int columnSize;
  protected int[][][] span;                   // CellSpan
  protected Color[][] foreground;             // ColoredCell
  protected Color[][] background;             //
  protected Font[][]  font;                   // CellFont
   
  public DefaultCellAttribute() {
    this(1,1);
  }
   
  public DefaultCellAttribute(int numRows, int numColumns) {
    setSize(new Dimension(numColumns, numRows));
  }
 
  protected void initValue() {
    for(int i=0; i<span.length;i++) {
      for(int j=0; j<span[i].length; j++) {
        span[i][j][CellSpan.COLUMN] = 1;
        span[i][j][CellSpan.ROW]    = 1;
      }
    }
  }
 
 
  //
  // CellSpan
  //
  public int[] getSpan(int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) {
      int[] ret_code = {1,1};
      return ret_code;
    }
    return span[row][column];
  }
 
  public void setSpan(int[] span, int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return;
    this.span[row][column] = span;
  }
       
  public boolean isVisible(int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return false;
    if ((span[row][column][CellSpan.COLUMN] < 1)
      ||(span[row][column][CellSpan.ROW]    < 1)) return false;
    return true;
  }
 
  public void combine(int[] rows, int[] columns) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(rows, columns)) return;
    int    rowSpan  = rows.length;
    int columnSpan  = columns.length;
    int startRow    = rows[0];
    int startColumn = columns[0];
    for (int i=0;i<rowSpan;i++) {
      for (int j=0;j<columnSpan;j++) {
        if ((span[startRow +i][startColumn +j][CellSpan.COLUMN] != 1)
          ||(span[startRow +i][startColumn +j][CellSpan.ROW]    != 1)) {
          //System.out.println("can't combine");
          return ;
        }
      }
    }
    for (int i=0,ii=0;i<rowSpan;i++,ii--) {
      for (int j=0,jj=0;j<columnSpan;j++,jj--) {
        span[startRow +i][startColumn +j][CellSpan.COLUMN] = jj;
        span[startRow +i][startColumn +j][CellSpan.ROW]    = ii;
        //System.out.println("r " +ii +"  c " +jj);
      }
    }
    span[startRow][startColumn][CellSpan.COLUMN] = columnSpan;
    span[startRow][startColumn][CellSpan.ROW]    =    rowSpan;
    
  }
 
  public void split(int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return;
    int columnSpan = span[row][column][CellSpan.COLUMN];
    int    rowSpan = span[row][column][CellSpan.ROW];
    for (int i=0;i<rowSpan;i++) {
      for (int j=0;j<columnSpan;j++) {
        span[row +i][column +j][CellSpan.COLUMN] = 1;
        span[row +i][column +j][CellSpan.ROW]    = 1;
      }
    }
  }
 
 
  //
  // ColoredCell
  //
  public Color getForeground(int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return null;
    return foreground[row][column];
  }
  public void setForeground(Color color, int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return;
    foreground[row][column] = color;
  }
  public void setForeground(Color color, int[] rows, int[] columns) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(rows, columns)) return;
    setValues(foreground, color, rows, columns);
  }
  public Color getBackground(int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return null;
    return background[row][column];
  }
  public void setBackground(Color color, int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return;
    background[row][column] = color;
  }
  public void setBackground(Color color, int[] rows, int[] columns) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(rows, columns)) return;
    setValues(background, color, rows, columns);
  }
  //
 
 
  //
  // CellFont
  //
  public Font getFont(int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return null;
    return font[row][column];
  }
  public void setFont(Font font, int row, int column) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(row, column)) return;
    this.font[row][column] = font;
  }
  public void setFont(Font font, int[] rows, int[] columns) {
    if (isOutOfBounds(rows, columns)) return;
    setValues(this.font, font, rows, columns);
  }
  //
 
 
  //
  // CellAttribute
  //
  public void addColumn() {
    int[][][] oldSpan = span;
    int numRows    = oldSpan.length;
    int numColumns = oldSpan[0].length;
    span = new int[numRows][numColumns + 1][2];
    System.arraycopy(oldSpan,0,span,0,numRows);
    for (int i=0;i<numRows;i++) {
      span[i][numColumns][CellSpan.COLUMN] = 1;
      span[i][numColumns][CellSpan.ROW]    = 1;
    }
  }
 
  public void addRow() {
    int[][][] oldSpan = span;
    int numRows    = oldSpan.length;
    int numColumns = oldSpan[0].length;
    span = new int[numRows + 1][numColumns][2];
    System.arraycopy(oldSpan,0,span,0,numRows);
    for (int i=0;i<numColumns;i++) {
      span[numRows][i][CellSpan.COLUMN] = 1;
      span[numRows][i][CellSpan.ROW]    = 1;
    }
  }
 
  public void insertRow(int row) {
    int[][][] oldSpan = span;
    int numRows    = oldSpan.length;
    int numColumns = oldSpan[0].length;
    span = new int[numRows + 1][numColumns][2];
    if (0 < row) {
      System.arraycopy(oldSpan,0,span,0,row-1);
    }
    System.arraycopy(oldSpan,0,span,row,numRows - row);
    for (int i=0;i<numColumns;i++) {
      span[row][i][CellSpan.COLUMN] = 1;
      span[row][i][CellSpan.ROW]    = 1;
    }
  }
 
  public Dimension getSize() {
    return new Dimension(rowSize, columnSize);
  }
 
  public void setSize(Dimension size) {
    columnSize = size.width;
    rowSize    = size.height;
    span = new int[rowSize][columnSize][2];   // 2: COLUMN,ROW
    foreground = new Color[rowSize][columnSize];
    background = new Color[rowSize][columnSize];
    font = new Font[rowSize][columnSize];
    initValue();
  }
 
  /*
  public void changeAttribute(int row, int column, Object command) {
  }
 
  public void changeAttribute(int[] rows, int[] columns, Object command) {
  }
  */
 
  protected boolean isOutOfBounds(int row, int column) {
    if ((row    < 0)||(rowSize    <= row)
      ||(column < 0)||(columnSize <= column)) {
      return true;
    }
    return false;
  }
 
  protected boolean isOutOfBounds(int[] rows, int[] columns) {
    for (int i=0;i<rows.length;i++) {
      if ((rows[i] < 0)||(rowSize <= rows[i])) return true;
    }
    for (int i=0;i<columns.length;i++) {
      if ((columns[i] < 0)||(columnSize <= columns[i])) return true;
    }
    return false;
  }
 
  protected void setValues(Object[][] target, Object value,
                           int[] rows, int[] columns) {
    for (int i=0;i<rows.length;i++) {
      int row = rows[i];
      for (int j=0;j<columns.length;j++) {
        int column = columns[j];
        target[row][column] = value;
      }
    }
  }
}

CellAttribute.java:

import java.awt.*;
 
/**
 * @version 1.0 11/22/98
 */ 
public interface CellAttribute {
 
  public void addColumn();
 
  public void addRow();
 
  public void insertRow(int row);
 
  public Dimension getSize();
 
  public void setSize(Dimension size);
}

ColoredCell.java:

import java.awt.*;
 
/**
 * @version 1.0 11/22/98
 */
 
public interface ColoredCell {
  public Color getForeground(int row, int column);
  public void setForeground(Color color, int row, int column);
  public void setForeground(Color color, int[] rows, int[] columns);
 
  public Color getBackground(int row, int column);
  public void setBackground(Color color, int row, int column);
  public void setBackground(Color color, int[] rows, int[] columns);
}

CellFont.java:

import java.awt.*;
 
/**
 * @version 1.0 11/22/98
 */
 
public interface CellFont {
  public Font getFont(int row, int column);
  public void setFont(Font font, int row, int column);
  public void setFont(Font font, int[] rows, int[] columns);
}

CellSpan.java:

/**
 * @version 1.0 11/22/98
 */
 
public interface CellSpan {
  public final int ROW    = 0;
  public final int COLUMN = 1;
   
  public int[] getSpan(int row, int column);
  public void setSpan(int[] span, int row, int column);
   
  public boolean isVisible(int row, int column);
   
  public void combine(int[] rows, int[] columns);
  public void split(int row, int column);

}

MultiSpanCellTable.java:

import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.table.*;
import javax.swing.plaf.basic.*;
import javax.swing.event.*;
 
/**
 * @version 1.0 11/26/98
 */
 
public class MultiSpanCellTable extends JTable {
 
  public MultiSpanCellTable(TableModel model) {
    super(model);
    setUI(new MultiSpanCellTableUI());
    getTableHeader().setReorderingAllowed(false);
    setCellSelectionEnabled(true);
    setSelectionMode(ListSelectionModel.SINGLE_INTERVAL_SELECTION);
  }
  
  public Rectangle getCellRect(int row, int column, boolean includeSpacing) {
    Rectangle sRect = super.getCellRect(row,column,includeSpacing);
    if ((row <0) || (column<0) ||
        (getRowCount() <= row) || (getColumnCount() <= column)) {
        return sRect;
    }
    CellSpan cellAtt = (CellSpan)((AttributiveCellTableModel)getModel()).getCellAttribute();
    if (! cellAtt.isVisible(row,column)) {
      int temp_row    = row;
      int temp_column = column;
      row    += cellAtt.getSpan(temp_row,temp_column)[CellSpan.ROW];
      column += cellAtt.getSpan(temp_row,temp_column)[CellSpan.COLUMN];      
    }
    int[] n = cellAtt.getSpan(row,column);
 
    int index = 0;
    int columnMargin = getColumnModel().getColumnMargin();
    Rectangle cellFrame = new Rectangle();
    int aCellHeight = rowHeight + rowMargin;
    cellFrame.y = row * aCellHeight;
    cellFrame.height = n[CellSpan.ROW] * aCellHeight;
    
    Enumeration enumeration = getColumnModel().getColumns();
    while (enumeration.hasMoreElements()) {
      TableColumn aColumn = (TableColumn)enumeration.nextElement();
      cellFrame.width = aColumn.getWidth() + columnMargin;
      if (index == column) break;
      cellFrame.x += cellFrame.width;
      index++;
    }
    for (int i=0;i< n[CellSpan.COLUMN]-1;i++) {
      TableColumn aColumn = (TableColumn)enumeration.nextElement();
      cellFrame.width += aColumn.getWidth() + columnMargin;
    }
     
    if (!includeSpacing) {
      Dimension spacing = getIntercellSpacing();
      cellFrame.setBounds(cellFrame.x +      spacing.width/2,
                          cellFrame.y +      spacing.height/2,
                          cellFrame.width -  spacing.width,
                          cellFrame.height - spacing.height);
    }
    return cellFrame;
  }
  
  
  private int[] rowColumnAtPoint(Point point) {
    int[] retValue = {-1,-1};
    int row = point.y / (rowHeight + rowMargin);
    if ((row <0)||(getRowCount() <= row)) return retValue;
    int column = getColumnModel().getColumnIndexAtX(point.x);
 
    CellSpan cellAtt = (CellSpan)((AttributiveCellTableModel)getModel()).getCellAttribute();
 
    if (cellAtt.isVisible(row,column)) {
      retValue[CellSpan.COLUMN] = column;
      retValue[CellSpan.ROW   ] = row;
      return retValue;
    }
    retValue[CellSpan.COLUMN] = column + cellAtt.getSpan(row,column)[CellSpan.COLUMN];
    retValue[CellSpan.ROW   ] = row + cellAtt.getSpan(row,column)[CellSpan.ROW];
    return retValue;
  }
 
  public int rowAtPoint(Point point) {
    return rowColumnAtPoint(point)[CellSpan.ROW];
  }
  public int columnAtPoint(Point point) {
    return rowColumnAtPoint(point)[CellSpan.COLUMN];
  }
 
 
  
  public void columnSelectionChanged(ListSelectionEvent e) {
    repaint();
  }
 
  public void valueChanged(ListSelectionEvent e) {
    int firstIndex = e.getFirstIndex();
    int  lastIndex = e.getLastIndex();
    if (firstIndex == -1 && lastIndex == -1) { // Selection cleared.
      repaint();
    }
    Rectangle dirtyRegion = getCellRect(firstIndex, 0, false);
    int numCoumns = getColumnCount();
    int index = firstIndex;
    for (int i=0;i<numCoumns;i++) {
      dirtyRegion.add(getCellRect(index, i, false));
    }
    index = lastIndex;
    for (int i=0;i<numCoumns;i++) {
      dirtyRegion.add(getCellRect(index, i, false));
    }
    repaint(dirtyRegion.x, dirtyRegion.y, dirtyRegion.width, dirtyRegion.height);
  }
 
}

MultiSpanCellTableUI.java:

import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.table.*;
import javax.swing.plaf.basic.*;
 
/**
 * @version 1.0 11/26/98
 */
 
public class MultiSpanCellTableUI extends BasicTableUI {
 
  public void paint(Graphics g, JComponent c) {
    Rectangle oldClipBounds = g.getClipBounds();
    Rectangle clipBounds    = new Rectangle(oldClipBounds);
    int tableWidth   = table.getColumnModel().getTotalColumnWidth();
    clipBounds.width = Math.min(clipBounds.width, tableWidth);
    g.setClip(clipBounds);
 
    int firstIndex = table.rowAtPoint(new Point(0, clipBounds.y));
    int  lastIndex = table.getRowCount()-1;
 
    Rectangle rowRect = new Rectangle(0,0,
      tableWidth, table.getRowHeight() + table.getRowMargin());
    rowRect.y = firstIndex*rowRect.height;
 
    for (int index = firstIndex; index <= lastIndex; index++) {
      if (rowRect.intersects(clipBounds)) {
        //System.out.println();                  // debug
        //System.out.print("" + index +": ");    // row
        paintRow(g, index);
      }
      rowRect.y += rowRect.height;
    }
    g.setClip(oldClipBounds);
  }
 
  private void paintRow(Graphics g, int row) {
    Rectangle rect = g.getClipBounds();
    boolean drawn  = false;
    
    AttributiveCellTableModel tableModel = (AttributiveCellTableModel)table.getModel();
    CellSpan cellAtt = (CellSpan)tableModel.getCellAttribute();
    int numColumns = table.getColumnCount();
 
    for (int column = 0; column < numColumns; column++) {
      Rectangle cellRect = table.getCellRect(row,column,true);
      int cellRow,cellColumn;
      if (cellAtt.isVisible(row,column)) {
        cellRow    = row;
        cellColumn = column;
          //  System.out.print("   "+column+" ");  // debug
      } else {
        cellRow    = row + cellAtt.getSpan(row,column)[CellSpan.ROW];
        cellColumn = column + cellAtt.getSpan(row,column)[CellSpan.COLUMN];
          //  System.out.print("  ("+column+")");  // debug
      }
      if (cellRect.intersects(rect)) {
        drawn = true;
        paintCell(g, cellRect, cellRow, cellColumn);
      } else {
        if (drawn) break;
      } 
    }
  }
 
  private void paintCell(Graphics g, Rectangle cellRect, int row, int column) {
    int spacingHeight = table.getRowMargin();
    int spacingWidth  = table.getColumnModel().getColumnMargin();
 
    Color c = g.getColor();
    g.setColor(table.getGridColor());
    g.drawRect(cellRect.x,cellRect.y,cellRect.width-1,cellRect.height-1);
    g.setColor(c);
 
    cellRect.setBounds(cellRect.x + spacingWidth/2, cellRect.y + spacingHeight/2,
                       cellRect.width - spacingWidth, cellRect.height - spacingHeight);
 
    if (table.isEditing() && table.getEditingRow()==row &&
        table.getEditingColumn()==column) {
      Component component = table.getEditorComponent();
      component.setBounds(cellRect);
      component.validate();
    }
    else {
      TableCellRenderer renderer = table.getCellRenderer(row, column);
      Component component = table.prepareRenderer(renderer, row, column);
 
      if (component.getParent() == null) {
        rendererPane.add(component);
      }
      rendererPane.paintComponent(g, component, table, cellRect.x, cellRect.y,
                                  cellRect.width, cellRect.height, true);
    }
  }    
}

Adding a MouseListener to every row in a JTable

Here’s an code sample:

Main.java:

import javax.swing.table.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.awt.*;
 
public class Main extends JFrame {
   public Main() {
      super("TableModel Demonstration");
 
      // create our own custom TableModel
      WineTableModel wineModel = new WineTableModel();
      final JTable table = new JTable(wineModel);
 
      // add rows to our TableModel, each row is represented as a Wine object
      wineModel.addWine(new Wine("Chateau Meyney, St. Estephe", "1994", 18.75f, true));
      wineModel.addWine(new Wine("Chateau Montrose, St. Estephe", "1975", 54.25f, true));
      wineModel.addWine(new Wine("Chateau Gloria, St. Julien", "1993", 22.99f, false));
      wineModel.addWine(new Wine("Chateau Beychevelle, St. Julien", "1970", 61.63f, false));
      wineModel.addWine(new Wine("Chateau La Tour de Mons, Margeaux", "1975", 57.03f, true));
      wineModel.addWine(new Wine("Chateau Brane-Cantenac, Margeaux", "1978", 49.92f, false));
 
      // create the scroll pane and add the table to it. 
      JScrollPane scrollPane = new JScrollPane(table);
 
      // add the scroll pane to this window.
      getContentPane().add(scrollPane, BorderLayout.CENTER);
 
      table.addMouseListener(new MouseAdapter() {
         public void mouseReleased(MouseEvent me) {
            int row = table.rowAtPoint(me.getPoint());
            System.out.println("You clicked at row " + row);
         }
      });
 
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent e) {
            System.exit(0);
         }
      });
   }
 
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.pack();
      main.setVisible(true);
   }
}
 
// a simple object that holds data about a particular wine
class Wine {
   private String  name;
   private String  vintage;
   private float   price;
   private boolean inStock;
 
   public Wine(String name, String vintage, float price, boolean inStock) {
      this.name = name;
      this.vintage = vintage;
      this.price = price;
      this.inStock = inStock;
   }
 
   public String getName()     { return name; }
   public String getVintage()  { return vintage; }
   public float  getPrice()    { return price; } 
   public boolean getInStock() { return inStock; }
 
   public String toString() { 
      return "[" + name + ", " + vintage + ", " + price + ", " + inStock + "]"; }
}
 
class WineTableModel extends AbstractTableModel {
   // holds the strings to be displayed in the column headers of our table
   final String[] columnNames = {"Name", "Vintage", "Price", "In stock?"};
 
   // holds the data types for all our columns
   final Class[] columnClasses = {String.class, String.class, Float.class, Boolean.class};
 
   // holds our data
   final Vector data = new Vector();
  
   // adds a row
   public void addWine(Wine w) {
      data.addElement(w);
      fireTableRowsInserted(data.size()-1, data.size()-1);
   }
 
   public int getColumnCount() {
      return columnNames.length;
   }
         
   public int getRowCount() {
      return data.size();
   }
 
   public String getColumnName(int col) {
      return columnNames[col];
   }
 
   public Class getColumnClass(int c) {
      return columnClasses1;
   }
 
   public Object getValueAt(int row, int col) {
      Wine wine = (Wine) data.elementAt(row);
      if (col == 0)      return wine.getName();
      else if (col == 1) return wine.getVintage();
      else if (col == 2) return new Float(wine.getPrice());
      else if (col == 3) return new Boolean(wine.getInStock());
      else return null;
   }
 
   public boolean isCellEditable(int row, int col) {
      return false;
   }
}

Changing the icons of a JTree

Just use the methods setOpenIcon, setClosedIcon and setLeafIcon defined in the DefaultCellRenderer class.

Here’s an example.

Main.java:

import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.tree.*;
import javax.swing.event.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
 
public class Main extends JFrame
{
   public Main() {
      DefaultMutableTreeNode root = new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Root");
      DefaultMutableTreeNode child1 = new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Child 1");
      root.add(child1);
      DefaultMutableTreeNode child2 = new DefaultMutableTreeNode("Child 2");
      root.add(child2);
      JTree tree = new JTree(root);
 
      DefaultTreeCellRenderer cr = new DefaultTreeCellRenderer();
      cr.setOpenIcon(new ImageIcon("openicon.jpg"));
      cr.setClosedIcon(new ImageIcon("closedicon.jpg"));
      cr.setLeafIcon(new ImageIcon("leaficon.jpg"));
  
      tree.setCellRenderer(cr);
 
      getContentPane().add(new JScrollPane(tree));
 
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) {
            System.exit(0);
         }
      });
   }
 
   public static void main(String []args) {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.setSize(400, 400);
      main.setVisible(true);
   }
}

The icons used in this program:


Saving the contents of a JPanel in a JPG image

The following example saves the content of the JPanel in the file test.jpg when the JFrame is closed. Play around with the saveComponent method that takes any sort of Component as a parameter.

Main.java:

import com.sun.image.codec.jpeg.*;
import javax.swing.border.*;
import java.awt.image.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.io.*;
 
public class Main extends JFrame 
{
   JPanel panel;
 
   public Main() {
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) { 
            saveComponent(panel, "test.jpg");
            System.exit(0);
         }
      });
 
      panel = createContactPanel();
 
      JScrollPane sp = new JScrollPane();
      sp.setViewportView(panel);
 
      getContentPane().setLayout(new BorderLayout());
      getContentPane().add(sp, BorderLayout.CENTER); 
   }
 
   public JPanel createContactPanel() {
      JLabel titleLbl      = new JLabel("Title");
      JLabel firstNameLbl  = new JLabel("First name");
      JLabel lastNameLbl   = new JLabel("Last name");
      JLabel addressLbl    = new JLabel("Address");
      JLabel cityLbl       = new JLabel("City");
      JLabel zipLbl        = new JLabel("Postal code");
      JLabel countryLbl    = new JLabel("Country");
      JLabel phoneLbl      = new JLabel("Phone number");
      JLabel faxLbl        = new JLabel("Fax number");
      JLabel emailLbl      = new JLabel("E-mail");
      JLabel birthdayLbl   = new JLabel("Birthdate");
      JLabel pickchoiceLbl = new JLabel("Pick a choice");
      JLabel creditCardTypeLbl     = new JLabel("Credit card type");
      JLabel creditCardNumberLbl   = new JLabel("Credit card number");
      JLabel expirationLbl         = new JLabel("Expiration date");
 
      JComboBox titleCombo = new JComboBox(
             new String[] { "-", "Mr", "Mrs", "Miss" });
      JTextField firstNameTf    = new JTextField();
      JTextField lastNameTf     = new JTextField();
      JTextField address1Tf     = new JTextField();
      JTextField address2Tf     = new JTextField();
      JTextField cityTf         = new JTextField();
      JTextField zipTf          = new JTextField();
      JTextField countryTf      = new JTextField();
      JTextField phoneTf        = new JTextField();
      JTextField faxTf          = new JTextField();
      JTextField emailTf        = new JTextField();
      JComboBox bd1Combo = new JComboBox();
      for (int i=1; i<=12; i++) bd1Combo.addItem(""+i);
      JComboBox bd2Combo = new JComboBox();
      for (int i=1; i<=31; i++) bd2Combo.addItem(""+i);
      JComboBox bd3Combo = new JComboBox();
      for (int i=1900; i<2000; i++) bd3Combo.addItem(""+i);
      JComboBox referCombo = new JComboBox();
      referCombo.addItem("Friend");
      referCombo.addItem("Search engine");
      referCombo.addItem("Print Media");
      referCombo.addItem("Banner Add");
      referCombo.addItem("Other");
      JComboBox creditCardTypeCombo = new JComboBox();
      creditCardTypeCombo.addItem("VISA");
      creditCardTypeCombo.addItem("MasterCard");
      creditCardTypeCombo.addItem("American Express");
      JTextField creditCardNumberTf = new JTextField();
      JComboBox expiration1Combo = new JComboBox();
      for (int i=1; i<=12; i++) expiration1Combo.addItem(""+i);
      JComboBox expiration2Combo = new JComboBox();
      for (int i=1; i<=31; i++) expiration2Combo.addItem(""+i);
      JComboBox expiration3Combo = new JComboBox();
      for (int i=1900; i<=2000; i++) expiration3Combo.addItem(""+i);
 
      JPanel panelGeneral = new JPanel();
      panelGeneral.setLayout(null);
      panelGeneral.add(titleLbl);
      panelGeneral.setBorder(new TitledBorder("General Information"));
      titleLbl.setBounds(20, 20, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(firstNameLbl);
      firstNameLbl.setBounds(20, 50, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(lastNameLbl);
      lastNameLbl.setBounds(20, 80, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(addressLbl);
      addressLbl.setBounds(20, 110, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(cityLbl);
      cityLbl.setBounds(20, 170, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(zipLbl);
      zipLbl.setBounds(20, 200, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(countryLbl);
      countryLbl.setBounds(20, 230, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(phoneLbl);
      phoneLbl.setBounds(20, 260, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(faxLbl);
      faxLbl.setBounds(20, 290, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(emailLbl);
      emailLbl.setBounds(20, 320, 150, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(birthdayLbl);
      birthdayLbl.setBounds(20, 350, 150, 20); 
      panelGeneral.add(titleCombo);
      titleCombo.setBounds(150, 20, 60, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(firstNameTf);
      firstNameTf.setBounds(150, 50, 200, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(lastNameTf);
      lastNameTf.setBounds(150, 80, 200, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(address1Tf);
      address1Tf.setBounds(150, 110, 200, 20);  
      panelGeneral.add(address2Tf);
      address2Tf.setBounds(150, 140, 200, 20);  
      panelGeneral.add(cityTf);
      cityTf.setBounds(150, 170, 200, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(zipTf);
      zipTf.setBounds(150, 200, 200, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(countryTf);
      countryTf.setBounds(150, 230, 200, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(phoneTf);
      phoneTf.setBounds(150, 260, 200, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(faxTf);
      faxTf.setBounds(150, 290, 200, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(emailTf);
      emailTf.setBounds(150, 320, 200, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(bd1Combo);
      bd1Combo.setBounds(150, 350, 60, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(bd2Combo);
      bd2Combo.setBounds(220, 350, 60, 20);
      panelGeneral.add(bd3Combo);
      bd3Combo.setBounds(290, 350, 60, 20);
 
      JPanel panelReferral = new JPanel();
      panelReferral.setLayout(null);
      panelReferral.setBorder(new TitledBorder("Where did you hear about us?"));
      panelReferral.add(pickchoiceLbl);
      pickchoiceLbl.setBounds(20, 20, 150, 20);
      panelReferral.add(referCombo);
      referCombo.setBounds(150, 20, 100, 20);
 
      JPanel panelCreditCard = new JPanel();
      panelCreditCard.setLayout(null);
      panelCreditCard.setBorder(new TitledBorder("Payment method"));
      panelCreditCard.add(creditCardTypeLbl);
      creditCardTypeLbl.setBounds(20, 20, 150, 20);
      panelCreditCard.add(creditCardNumberLbl);
      creditCardNumberLbl.setBounds(20, 50, 150, 20);
      panelCreditCard.add(expirationLbl);
      expirationLbl.setBounds(20, 80, 150, 20);
 
      panelCreditCard.add(creditCardTypeCombo);
      creditCardTypeCombo.setBounds(150, 20, 100, 20);
      panelCreditCard.add(creditCardNumberTf);
      creditCardNumberTf.setBounds(150, 50, 150, 20);
      panelCreditCard.add(expiration2Combo);
      expiration2Combo.setBounds(220, 80, 60, 20);
      panelCreditCard.add(expiration3Combo);
      expiration3Combo.setBounds(290, 80, 60, 20);
 
      JPanel panel = new JPanel();
      panel.setLayout(null);
      panel.add(panelGeneral);
      panelGeneral.setBounds(10, 20, 370, 400);
      panel.add(panelReferral);
      panelReferral.setBounds(10, 430, 370, 50);
      panel.add(panelCreditCard);
      panelCreditCard.setBounds(10, 490, 370, 120);
      
      panel.setPreferredSize(new Dimension(380, 620)); 
 
      return panel;
   }
 
   public void saveComponent(Component c, String filename) {
      Dimension d = c.getPreferredSize();
      BufferedImage bi = new BufferedImage((int) d.getWidth(), (int) d.getHeight(),
                                           BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
 
      Graphics2D g2 = bi.createGraphics();
      g2.setClip(0, 0, (int) d.getWidth(), (int) d.getHeight());
      c.paint(g2);
      try {
         BufferedOutputStream bos = new BufferedOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(filename));
         JPGWrite(bi, bos);
      }
      catch(Exception e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
      }
   }
 
   public static void JPGWrite(BufferedImage bi, OutputStream out) throws IOException {
      JPEGImageEncoder encoder = JPEGCodec.createJPEGEncoder(out);
      JPEGEncodeParam param = encoder.getDefaultJPEGEncodeParam(bi);
      param.setQuality(1f, true);
      encoder.encode(bi, param);
   }
 
   public static void main(String []args) {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.setSize(400, 400);
      main.setVisible(true);
   }
}

Aligning the text in a JComboBox to the right

Main.java:

import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
 
public class Main extends JFrame
{
   public Main() {
      this.addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) {
            System.exit(0);
         }
      });
 
      getContentPane().setLayout(new FlowLayout(FlowLayout.LEFT));
      Object []items = new Object[] { "one", "two", "three", "four", 
                                      "five", "six", "seven" };
      JComboBox comboBox = new JComboBox(items);
      getContentPane().add(comboBox);
 
      DefaultListCellRenderer listRenderer = new DefaultListCellRenderer();
      listRenderer.setHorizontalAlignment(DefaultListCellRenderer.RIGHT);
      comboBox.setRenderer(listRenderer);      
   }
 
   public static void main(String []args) {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.setSize(200, 200);
      main.setVisible(true);
   }
}

Making the scrolling in JScrollPane faster

A new feature has been implemented in Swing 1.1.1 that makes scrolling faster in most cases. The idea is to only update the exposed viewport (the visible region) when scrolling. To enable this, set the property EnableWindowBlit to true.

   scrollpane.getViewport().putClientProperty("EnableWindowBlit", Boolean.TRUE);

Creating a scrollable JInternalFrame

Main.java:

import javax.swing.border.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.net.*;
 
public class Main extends JFrame {
   JDesktopPane desktop;
   int nframes = 0;
 
   public Main() {
      getContentPane().setLayout(new BorderLayout());
      desktop = new JDesktopPane(); 
      createInternalFrame();
      getContentPane().add(BorderLayout.CENTER, desktop);
      setJMenuBar(createMenuBar());
  
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we) {
            System.exit(0);
         }
      });
   
      setTitle("Transparent JInternalFrame Demonstration");
      setSize(new Dimension(400, 400));
   }
 
   protected JMenuBar createMenuBar() {
      JMenuBar menuBar = new JMenuBar();
 
      JMenu menu = new JMenu("JDesktopPane");
      JMenuItem menuItem1 = new JMenuItem("Create new JInternalFrame");
      menuItem1.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
         public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent ae) {
            createInternalFrame();
         }
      });
      menu.add(menuItem1);
      menuBar.add(menu);
 
      return menuBar;
   }
 
   protected void createInternalFrame() {
      JInternalFrame frame = new JInternalFrame("InternalFrame", 
         true,    // resizable
         true,    // closable
         true,    // maximizable
         true);   // iconifiable
      frame.setVisible(true); 
      desktop.add(frame);
      frame.setSize(200, 200);
      frame.setLocation(30*nframes, 30*nframes);
      nframes++;
      frame.setContentPane(new JScrollPane(new MyPanel(new ImageIcon("mong.jpg"))));
 
      try {
         frame.setSelected(true);
      } catch (java.beans.PropertyVetoException e) {}
   }
 
   public static void main(String []args) {
      Main main = new Main();
      main.show();
   }
}
 
class MyPanel extends JPanel
{
   private ImageIcon bgImage;
 
   public MyPanel(ImageIcon bgImage) {
      setLayout(new GridLayout(20, 1));
      setBorder(new EmptyBorder(10, 10, 10, 10));
      for (int i=0; i<10; i++) {    
         add(new JLabel("JLabel #" + i));
         add(new JTextField(10));
      }
 
      this.bgImage = bgImage;
   }
 
   public void paintComponent(Graphics g) {    
      Dimension d = getSize();      
      g.drawImage(bgImage.getImage(), 0, 0, (int)d.getWidth(), (int)d.getHeight() , this);          
   }
}

Changing the setMnemonic behavior of JButton so that it responds to CTRL instead of ALT

Try this workaround!

import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
   
public class Main extends JFrame {
   JList list; 
 
   public Main() {
      getContentPane().setLayout(new FlowLayout());
 
      final JButton button = new JButton("Click-Me!");
 
      ActionListener al = new ActionListener() {
         public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent ae) {
            System.out.println("Button was clicked!");
         }
      };
      button.addActionListener(al);
  
      // don't use button.setMnemonic('C') if you want only the CTRL mask to work,
      // use button.getModel() instead. 
      button.getModel().setMnemonic('C');
      KeyStroke keyStroke = KeyStroke.getKeyStroke('C', Event.CTRL_MASK, false); 
      button.registerKeyboardAction(al, keyStroke, JComponent.WHEN_FOCUSED); 
      
      getContentPane().add(button);
 
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent event) {
            System.exit(0);   
         }      
      });
 
      setSize(400, 400);
   }
 
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      (new Main()).show();
   }
}